The Mining and Exploration News in Mexico: Highlights on the Second Week of January, 2019


Quartz-sulfide sheeted veinlets with silicified halos in argillitized fragmental tuff on a project in Jalisco

By Jorge Cirett

During the 2nd week of the year (January 7th to January 13th, 2019), at least 26 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. ON MEXICO ISSUES, The government stressed the need to create a new legal framework to standardize the safety, health and protect workers and the environment. ON EXPLORATION, In Sonora, San Marco confirmed the presence of a porphyry copper system at El Espiritu; Silver Viper released unpublished historical drill results from its La Virginia property. In Chihuahua, Sable Resources summarized its 2018 program on Margarita, and 2019 drill plans for Margarita and Vinata projects; Kootenay reported new surface sample results from the Columba project. ON MINING, Consolidated Zinc, Great Panther, Endeavour Silver, New Gold, Torex Gold and Capstone presented Q4 2018 production results. Sierra Metals is increasing production at Bolivar, Chihuahua. US Antimony is completing its plant to process Los Juarez ore. ON FINANCING, Silver One, Gainey Capital and SilverCrest completed non-brokered private placements for gross proceeds of C$624 K, $750 K and C$292 K. respectively. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Oceanus informed on El Tigre, Sonora,  2018 exploration, and plans for 2019. SilverCrest released further high-grade in-fill drilling results from its Las Chispas property in Sonora. Excellon released high grade underground results from the 623 Manto at its Platosa mine in Durango. ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Great Panther and Beadell Resources completed the friendly acquisition of the latter by Great Panther. Prize Mining trading was halted at the TSX Venture Exchange. Riverside outlined its 2019 business plan, which includes advancing properties, potential joint venture partnerships and strategic alliances. Americas Silver and Pershing Gold announced their shareholders approved its merger.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • The president of the Commission on Mining and Regional Development, Geovanna del Carmen Bañuelos de la Torre, said that it is necessary to create a new legal framework to standardize the safety, health and protect workers and the environment. She also recognized that the actual distribution of the Mining Fund lacks rigor on its application, and that a reform proposal has been formulated.

ON EXPLORATION

  • Sable Resources Ltd. summarized its 2018 exploration program, including information from its projects in Mexico. During 2018’s second quarter Sable completed 2,420 m in 12 drill holes at the Margarita project in Chihuahua, testing epithermal veins in Eocene-Oligocene volcanic rocks. “The project is defined by 5 veins; Margarita, El Caido, Juliana, Faviana, and Marie. All exploration drilling by Sable up to this point was executed along 750 m strike of the Margarita Vein”. Results for the first round of drilling include close to surface high-grade intersections like: 252 g/t AgEq over 11.3 m;  462 g/t AgEq over 4.25 m and larger low-grade halos as: 36 g/t AgEq over 21.35 m and 50 g/t AgEq over 44 m. “A second round of drilling planned to start in mid-January includes 1360m in 9 holes to extend the drilling for 1.5km along the known surface trace of the Margarita vein and to close the drilling grid to approximately 250m space. In addition, 1750m will be drilled in 13 exploration holes that will test the other veins”. Sable received title for 12 mining concessions covering 38,396 ha in Chihuahua, all covering stream sediment and rock sample anomalous areas, including the drill ready Vinata vein system located NE of the Margarita project. The company also holds projects in Canada, Peru and Argentina.
  • San Marco Resources Inc. confirmed the existence of a porphyry Cu-Mo-Au system at its Espiritu project in Sonora. The work done confirmed a multi-stage system with an alteration foot-print at least 2.5 Km x 1.2 Km and that the best Cu mineralization is surface and drill core samples is in rocks with potassic alteration and a quartz-chalcopyrite-pyrite stockwork. There are indications that copper mineralization might be preserved at depth within the shallower part of the porphyry system(s). Future work is expected to include magnetic and ZTEM surveys in advance of possible drilling at the project.
  • Kottenay Silver Inc. reported that new assay results from outcropping quartz veins support the potential for the discovery of a high-grade silver deposit at its Columba project in Chihuahua. The veins have strike lengths of 200 m to 2 km, and thicknesses from 0.5 to 6 m. In the latest field campaign 50 channel and 90 grab samples were collected on eight of the ten veins in the property. “Highlights include 33 samples, between lengths of 0.70 and 2.0 meters, returning silver values ranging between 30 gpt to 397 gpt and 55 samples returning grades >10 gpt”. Contiguous channel samples averaged 4.9 m @ 198 gpt Ag; 3.5 m @ 276 gpt Ag; 2.2 m @ 330 gpt Ag; 6.6 m @ 182 gpt. The next steps are additional mapping and surface sampling to prioritize drill targets and obtain drill permits.
  • Silver Viper Minerals Corp. released previously unreported significant drill intercepts from a historical database from La Virginia project in Sonora. The database was generated by Minefinders Corporation Ltd. and Pan American Silver Corp. up to 2013, and includes information on 52,635 m of drilling in 188 holes, with only the first 50 holes having been disclosed in press releases. The disclosed tables include significant intervals from seven areas, here some of these (true width estimated at 75-80% of core length): At Las Huatas, 18 m @ 2.81 gpt Au, 187 gpt Ag (including 1.5 m @ 3.50 gpt Au, 399 gpt Ag; 1.5 m @ 21.6 gpt Au, 1,173 gpt Ag); 0.6 m @ 11.54 gpt Au, 1,156 gpt Ag; 12 m @ 1.26 gpt Au, 109 gpt Ag; 1.5 m @ 6.52 gpt Au, 625 gpt Ag; 8.5 m @ 1.38 gpt Au, 105 gpt Ag (including 3.95 m @ Au, 2.07 gpt Au, 158 gpt Ag); 1.15 m @ 9.67 gpt Au, 658 gpt Ag; 17.5 m @ 0.72 gpt, 35 gpt Ag; 20.45 m @ 1.04 gpt, 69 gpt Ag; 0.9 m @ 54.79 gpt Au, 43 gpt Ag; 7 m @ 1.37 gpt Au, 65 gpt Ag; 7.55 m @ 1.56 gpt Au, 88 gpt Ag; 1.5 m @ 4.92 gpt Au, 421 gpt Ag; 12.9 m @ 2.44 gpt, 122 gpt Ag. At La Virginia, 1 m @ 3.27 gpt Au, 196 gpt Ag; 18 m @ 2.59 gpt Au, 119 gpt Ag (including 1.7 m @ 18.27 gpt Au, 794 gpt Ag); 8.5 m @ 0.87 gpt Au, 36 gpt Ag; 0.8 m @ nil Au, 300 gpt Ag; 19 m @ 0.65 gpt Au, 29 gpt Ag. At Con Virginia, 5.75 m @ 2.35 gpt Au, 153 gpt Ag; 11.7 m @ 0.62 gpt Au, 77 gpt Ag; 17.4 m @ 0.87 gpt Au, 81 gpt Ag; 2.05 m @ 6.73 gpt Au, 976 gpt Ag; 1.2 m @ 7.78 gpt Au, 1055 gpt Ag. At El Oriental, 2 m @ 2.47 gpt Au, 19 gpt Ag; 5 m @ 2.40 gpt Au, 60 gpt Ag; 3.8 m @ 11.99 gpt Au. 77 gpt Ag; At La Cascada, 1.3 m @ 20.92 gpt Au, 37 gpt Ag. At Huatas Sur, 2.8 m @ 1.05 gpt Au, 81 gpt Ag; 1.95 m @ 1.31 gpt Au, 29 gpt Ag; 3.75 m @ 9.32 gpt Au, 144 gpt Ag (including 1.55 m @ 19.97 gpt Au, 254 gpt Ag). At La Colonia, 0.85 m @ 3.04 gpt Au, 23 gpt Ag. Limited confirmation drilling was completed at the Las Huatas and Con Virginia prospects. These holes were drilled to test gaps in the known data. Previously undrilled prospects Huarache, La Gloria and El Rubi were also tested in 2018. To date, the Company has released results for the confirmation drilling at Las Huatas. Subsequent results and a discussion of the 2018 program and plans for 2019 are scheduled for release in the near future.

ON MINING

  • Consolidated Zinc Ltd. provided an update on production at its Plomosas mine in Chihuahua for December 2018. During the period 4,072 tonnes were hauled to surface @ 10.2% Zn, 2.4% Pb. Recoveries at the Santa Eulalia plant have been 89% Zn, 86% Pb. All the ore mined was from an area outside of the JORC defined resource.
  • Great Panther Silver Ltd. reported fourth quarter and 2018 production results for its properties in Mexico. During the year the company produced 1.86 M Oz Ag, 20,161 Oz Au, 1,958 tonnes Pb, 2,361 tonnes Zn from the two operations. At Topia, Durango, 18.9 K tonnes @ 326 gpt Ag, 0.83 gpt Au were processed during the quarter, recovering 92.9% Ag, and 53.4% Au to produce 183.7 K Oz Ag, 267 Oz Au, 474 tonnes Pb, 661 tonnes Zn. At the Guanajuato mine Complex 70.4 K tonnes @ 129 gpt Ag, 2.01 gpt Au were processed, recovering 87.2% Ag, 84.4% Au to produce 254.4 K Oz Ag, 3,833 Oz Au. Reflecting low metal prices, operations at the Guanajuato Mine Complex is shifting all production to the San Ignacio mine for 2019.
  • United States Antimony Corp. reported the status of beneficiation of ore at Los Juarez, Queretaro, where 30 K tonnes have been mined. The crusher and flotation circuits at the Puerto Blanco mill (in Guanajuato) are ready for production, while the tailings installation is nearly complete. Most of the cyanide leach plant has been built and is being installed. The caustic leach plant at Madero to process the flotation concentrates is operational and has recovered the precious metals with close to a 100% recovery, and pilot production of Au, Ag and Sb is about to start in Q1 2019.
  • Sierra Metals Inc. informed it is on track on its staged mine production increase from 3,000 to 3,600 tonnes per day (TPD) in Q1 2019 (and 5,000 TPD by 2020) at its Bolivar mine in Chihuahua. “Completion of the expansion included the installation of a refurbished mill, an electrical substation with 1250 KVA of capacity, a secondary crusher and a hydrocyclone cluster that allows for finer grind size optionality that is estimated to provide a 6% increase in copper recoveries from 80% to 86% at Bolivar Mine”.

Endeavour Silver Corp. reported consolidated production of 5.5 MOz Ag, 52,967 Oz Au (9.5 MOz AgEq) in the fourth quarter 2018.  Drilliing at Bolañitos returned multiple high-grade intersections, including 1.1 m (TW) @ 1,415 gpt Ag, 2.25 gpt Au in the San Miguel mine. Parral drilling and underground sampling returned  multiple high.grade intersections, including 4.2 m (TW) @ 934 gpt Ag, 0.21 gpt Au, 3.0% Pb, 5.9% Zn. El Compas commissioning has been delayed by metallurgical and plant issues that have been or are in the process of being corrected, while the mine development has been completed and and a 10K tonnes stockpile produced. At Guanaceví, the Milache and SCS orebodies development commenced. At Bolañitos, drilling outlined several mineralized areas and extensions to known areas, with potential to extend the mine life. At El Cubo, drilling of new targets failed to intersect any economic mineralization, and production is to be halved to increase mine life while more reserves are sought.

  • New Gold Inc. presented fourth quarter results, including figures from the Cerro San Pedro property in San Luis Potosi.  Mine closure activities continued at the Cerro San Pedro mine, and 1,448 Oz Au were recover by residual leaching of heap pads.
  • Torex Gold Resources Inc. announced 354 K Oz Au were produced at its El Limon-Guajes mine in Guerrero.
  • Capstone Mining Corp. released preliminary fourth quarter production results for 2018, including figures from its operations in Mexico. At Cozamin in Zacatecas, 278.8 K tonnes were processed at a rate of 3,030 tonnes per day (TPD) @ 1.61% Cu, 1.29% Zn, 0.41% Pb, 50.2 gpt Ag, recovering 94.3% Cu, 65.9% Zn, 58.5% Pb, 75.5% Ag to produce 9.36 M Lb Cu, 5.22 M Lb Zn, 3.15 M Lb Pb, 339.2 K Oz Ag, 68 Oz Au.

ON FINANCING

  • Silver One Resources Inc. closed its previously announced private placement financing for gross proceeds of C$623.7 K. Silver One also commented it is not aware of any information other than that previously disclosed in its public filings, news releases or statements, which would result in the levels of trading activity and change in the share price recorded in recent days (Peñasco Quemado, Sonora; La Frazada, Nayarit).
  • Gainey Capital Corp. received conditional approval by the TSX Venture Exchange to close the first tranche of its non-brokered private placement of up to $1.15 M announced on November 28, 2018. In this tranche the closing accrued gross proceeds of $750 K (El Colomo, Nayarit).
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. informed the completion its non-brokered private placement with Pierre Beaudoin, for gross proceeds of Cdn$292 K (Las Chispas, Sonora).

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Oceanus Resources Corp. informed that during 2018 carried a regional prospecting and mapping program on its El Tigre property in Sonora. The objective was to know the extent of El Tigre Formation, the rock package that hosts the historic El Tigre mine. Such formation was found to extend 5 km to the south reaching the Lluvia de Oro prospect, and 3 km further to the south at La Mancha workings. Prospecting and mapping was carried out also to the east, where several historical underground workings were located. Given the positive results, Oceanus applied for an additional 4,465 hectares, increasing its land position to 26,307 hectares. The company will continue prospecting, mapping and sampling during 2019 to establish drill targets.
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. released further in-fill results from its Las Chispas property in Sonora. The 20 reported in-fill holes targeted the high-grade Area 51 zone, Babicanora Central zone and Babicanora Footwall and Hangingwall veins. On previous drilling (used for the past resource calculation) the Area 51 had an estimated average 2.7 m of true width (TW) @ 7.13 gpt, 614 gpt Ag (1,148 gpt AgEq); the weighted average of the 28 in-fill holes to date is 3.9 m (TW) @ 11.36 gpt Au, 1,064 gpt Ag (1,915 gpt AgEq). The latest results include the best drilling interception to date: 9.3 m @ 39.66 gpt Au, 3,361 gpt Ag (including 0.4 m @ 252 gpt Au, 9,740 gpt Ag; 0.9 m @ 92.7 gpt Au, 7,570 gpt Ag; 0.4 m @ 47.30 gpt Au, 7,790 gpt Ag).
  • Excellon Resources Inc. announced results from underground exploration at the Platosa mine in Durango. The high-grade 623 Manto has been further defined with diamond drilling results, of which the next results were highlighted: 6.6 m @ 0.1 gpt Au, 704 gpt Ag, 5.8% Pb, 10.1% Zn (including 2.7 m @ 0.1 gpt Au, 1,669 gpt Ag, 13.2% Pb, 24.4% Zn); 4.9 m @ 2,802 gpt Ag, 12.% Pb, 5.4% Zn (including 2.8 m @ 4,789 gpt Ag, 20.4% Pb, 9.0% Zn; 3.7 m @ 775 gpt Ag; 7.3% Pb, 6.4% Zn; 4.2 m @ 150 gpt Ag, 0.1% Pb, 2.0% Zn. The Company continues to test priority targets within the north-south trending Platosa corridor while defining new targets at Jaboncillo, PDN, Saltillera North and South and San Gilberto. A 3D induced polarization program was completed at Jaboncillo and PDN in late 2018 in preparation for drilling programs on both targets in the coming months   

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Great Panther Silver Ltd. filed its management information circular in respect of the friendly acquisition of Beadell Resources Ltd. Once the acquisition is completed, the company will have a diversified portfolio of producing mines in Mexico and Brazil, and an advanced stage development project in Peru, with additional near-term resource growth potential from Bradell’s in and near mine targets to add to the growth potential from Great Panther’s advanced stage Coricancha project in Peru (Topia, Durango).
  • Prize Mining Corp. disclosed its failure to file its annual financial statements for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018. As a result, the British Columbia Securities Commission issued a cease trade order on Jan 7, 2019 against the company and securities have been halted from trading on the TSX Venture Exchange. The company is working to finalize and file the needed documents and seek to have the cease trade order revoked. (Manto Negro, Coahuila).
  • Riverside Resources Inc. outlined its corporate outlook for 2019. Highlighted in it the presence of exciting drill targets at Cecilia in Sonora and Peñoles in Durango, as well as the advancing of potential joint venture partnerships and strategic alliance discussions with major companies. Riverside expects to expand outside of Mexico, beyond its participation in Croesus Gold Corp. Partner-funded exploration is expected to commence at La Silla project in Sinaloa.
  • Americas Silver Corp. and Pershing Gold Corp. announced their respective shareholders have provided the requisite approvals for their previously announced business combination (Cosala, Sinaloa).

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the image below, quartz-sulfide sheeted veinlets with silicified halos in argillitized fragmental tuff on a project in Jalisco. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the Fifth Week of November, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico


Plagioclase lined epidote patches and veinlets in andesitic volcanic rocks in  Jalisco. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

By Jorge Cirett

During the 48th week of the year (November 26th to December 2nd, 2018), at least 16 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. Minaurum, Mexus Gold and Harvest Gold released news on exploration. Impact Silver and Santacruz Silver released third quarter results; America Silver increased production and Goldcorp is commissioning a new plant. Silver Spruce and SilverCrest announced news on financing. Endeavour Silver presented results from drilling. Americas Silver, Telson Mining, Candente Gold, Aura Silver and Firma Holding presented news on deals and corporate issues. ON MEXICO ISSUES, Andrés Manuel López Obrador was sworn as Mexico’s president for the next six years. ON EXPLORATION, In Sonora, Minaurum Gold released high grade gold results from surface sampling of a new vein at its Alamos property; Mexus Gold continues drilling at its Santa Elena project. In Chihuahua, Harvest Gold informed on drilling at its Cerro Cascaron project in Chihuahua. ON MINING, Impact Silver and Santacruz Silver presented quarterly reports. Americas Silver increased production rates at Cosalá, in Sinaloa, and Goldcorp produced first gold on its pyrites plant in Peñasquito, Zacatecas. ON FINANCING, Silver Spruce was granted an extension on its financing round. SilverCrest is securing a $30.6 M investment by SSR Mining. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Endeavour Silver reported high-grade intersections from Bolañitos, in Zacatecas.  ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Americas Silver and Pershing Gold are to complete a business combination. Telson Mining announced the amending of a loan agreement with Nyrstar. Candente Gold and Sun River signed an agreement on El Oro tailings in Estado de Mexico. Aura Silver is to change name to Aura Resources Inc. Grace Point Mining owns now the Magistral project in Sinaloa.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • On December 1st 2018, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, a life-long left wing politician, took charge as Mexico’s president for the next six years (2018-2024).

ON EXPLORATION

  • Minaurum Gold Inc. released high grade gold assays from rock chip sampling on the Alessandra vein at its Alamos project in Sonora.The new vein is the first showing high grade gold in the project, measures more than 4 m in width, can be clearly traced for 1.1 km and topography suggest it might extend for another kilometer. Highlighted rock chip samples include: 0.4 m @ 17 ppb Au, <1 g/t Ag, 2.22% Cu, 0.98% Pb, 2.04% Zn; 1.0 m @ 9 ppb Au, 16 g/t Ag, 0.04% Pb, 0.06% Zn; 1.0 m @ 8 ppb Au, 6 g/t Ag, 1.55% Cu; 0.3 m @ 102,000 ppb Au (102 g/t Au), 29 g/t Ag, 1.94% Cu, 0.07% Pb, 0.25% Zn; 1.0 m @ 619 ppb Au, 4.63% Cu; 0.5 m @ 65 ppb Au, 4 g/t Ag, 2.97% Cu, 0.64% Pb, 4.90% Zn.
  • Mexus Gold US. continues drilling at its Santa Elena project in Sonora (not to be mistaken with First Majestic’s Santa Elena mine, also in Sonora), and is now on its 7th hole. “Drill holes proved the continuity at depth of the main quartz vein varying in width from 0.75 m up to 2.0 meters at 25 to 35 meters deep with a dip angle of 45 degrees to the East”. A shallow dipping shear-fault zone consisting of fault-gouge-mylonite with siderite, hematite and quartz fragments has also consistently being intercepted with 7 to 12 m widths. Holes onward from hole 5 are targeting deeper parts of the Julio vein.
  • Harvest Gold Corp. informed three holes at the Cascarita high grade prospect at its Cerro Cascaron project in Chihuahua have been completed, after delays by unexpected heavy rains at the start of the drilling campaign. The rig is being moved by helicopter to drill the Serpiente Dorada and San Pedro targets.

ON MINING

  • Impact Silver Corp. released third quarter 2018 results. Mill throughput was 42.23 K tonnes @ 165 g/t Ag, to produce 179.5 K Oz Ag. Revenues for the quarter were $3.1 M, EBITDA -$1.5 M, a net loss of $1.4 M, of which $0.4 M was amortization and depletion.The focus now is on development of areas of higher grade ore. Impact is currently raising a non-brokered financing, the fourth capital raise in company history (San Ramón, Estado de México).  
  • Americas Silver Corp. informed production was increased to over 1,700 tonnes per day (tpd) during October at its San Rafael mine in the Cosalá district in Sinaloa.
  • GoldCorp Inc. announced first gold has been achieved at its Peñasquito’s Pyrite Leach Project (PLP) in Zacatecas, Mexico. “Commissioning commenced in the third quarter of 2018 and the PLP is now processing 100% of the existing plant tailings. The PLP plant is operating 24 hours a day and is continuing the planned ramp-up process”. Commercial production is now expected by the end of 2018.
  • Santacruz Silver Mining Ltd. reported third quarter 2018 financial results. At Veta Grande in Zacatecas, and Rosario in San Luis Potosi, 58 K tonnes were processed to produce 249.4 K Oz Ag at cash cost $27.40 and AISC of $31.07 per AgEq Oz. Santacruz recorded a net loss of $2.9 M during the period and a negative EBITDA of $2.74 M.  

ON FINANCING

  • Silver Spruce Resources Inc. was granted an extension by the TSX Venture Exchange to complete the previously announced non-brokered private placement to raise up to $1.5 M (Pino de Plata, Chihuahua).
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. announced SSR Mining Inc. has agreed to invest $30.66 M (C$40 M) in a non-brokered private placement financing. As long as SSR hold more than 5% of SilverCrest outstanding shares,it is entitled to acquire up to a maximum of 9.9% of the shares, participation rights to maintain pro rata share ownership interest, a right of first refusal on any proposed royalty, stream of off take agreement and certain information rights to Las Chispas technical and scientific data.

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Endeavour Silver Corp. reported high-grade intersections from the drilling program at the Bolañitos mine in Guanajuato. “A total of 55 drill holes from surface and 11,000 metres were completed by the end of October on seven different vein targets, all of which are located within four kilometres of the Bolanitos plant”. Some true width (TW)  highlighted intervals: 8.0 m @ 2.68 g/t Au, 6 g/t Ag; 1.2 m @ 13.17 g/t Au, 138 g/t Ag; 2.2 m @ 2.19 g/t Au, 53 g/t Ag; 2.2 m@ 2.05 g/t Au, 121 g/t Ag; 1.5 m @ 3.74 g/t Au, 49 g/t Ag; 1.3 m @ 2.92 g/t Au, 51 g/t Ag; 1.9 m @ 2.62 g/t Au, 18 g/t Ag; 1.5 m @ 8.66 g/t Au, 89 g/t Ag; 1.1 m @ 2.25 g/t Au, 1,415 g/t Ag; 1.6 m @ 6.79 g/t Au, 420 g/t Ag; 1.9 m @ 3.42 g/t Au, 102 g/t Ag; 1.4 m @ 2.38 g/t Au, 635 g/t Ag.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Americas Silver Corp. entered last September into a definitive agreement to complete a business combination with Pershing Gold, which owns the Relief Canyon project in Nevada. Relief Canyon is expected to produce 75-90 K Oz Au annually for at least seven years of mine life. Both Americas Silver and Pershing Gold shareholders have to vote on the transaction prior to a meeting on January (Cosalá, Sinaloa).
  • Telson Mining Corp. reached an agreement with Nyrstar Holdings Ltd. to amend the terms of its loan agreement. Among the main terms, Telson paid US$500 K plus interest and agreed to pay monthly installments of US$500 K plus interest until October 2019, at 10% per annum. Along with these payments, Telson will also pay 70% of any monthly cash flow, plus any monthly excess cash balance above US$500 K plus 50% of the monthly free cash flow generated by Telson’s Tahehueto project, once it declares commercial production (Campo Morado,Guerrero).
  • Candente Gold Corp. signed a definitive agreement with Sun River Gold Corp. in which Sun River has the option to further test and, if proven economic, develop and operate the Candente’s tailings project in El Oro, Estado de México. Besides an already made payment of US$170 K, Sun River has to make staged payments to complete US$300 K within 15 months from the signing on November 2017 and grant Candente a 10% of net profits life of mine royalty. The tailings contain an inferred resource of 1.27 K tonnes containing 119.9 K Oz Au, 3 M Oz Ag (El Oro, Estado de México).
  • Aura Silver Resources. Announced its shareholders approved the name change to Aura Resources Inc., and a five to one consolidation of the shares, on a meeting held on November 15th, 2018 (Taviche, Oaxaca).
  • Firma Holdings Corp. announced “that its subsidiary GracePoint Mining Corp. and MX Gold Corp., signed a confidential mutual release”. As a result, MX Gold no longer has any rights,ownership interests, liabilities, or obligations associated with the Magistral Project, and GracePoint Mining Corp. owns 100% of the Magistral project in Sinaloa.  

Content like what you have just read can beseen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the image above, plagioclase lined epidote patches and veinlets in andesitic volcanic rocks in  Jalisco. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the Third Week of November, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

IMG_5042 - copia

By Jorge Cirett

During the 46th week of the year (November 12th to November 18th, 2018), at least 22 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. Radius, Prize Mining, Silver Viper, Riverside and Golden Minerals released advances in exploration. Sierra Metals, Mag Silver, Leagold and Starcore released quarterly reports. Telson released news on metallurgy. No financing was reported this week. Odyssey and Minera Alamos reported on advances at its properties, while Leagold presented an updated resource base. Pan American Silver and Tahoe agreed on Tahoe’s acquisition by PAS. Golden Minerals acquired a property. ON MEXICO ISSUES, CAMIMEX released figures on copper production in Mexico. ON EXPLORATION, In Sonora, Silver Viper released interesting results from the Virginia project in Sonora. Riverside informed on four new targets at its Cecilia project. In Chihuahua, Golden Minerals released rock sampling results from its Navegantes project. Radius finished drilling at the Amalia project, results pending. In Coahuila, Prize Mining released drill results from the Manto Negro project. ON MINING, Sierra Metals, Mag Silver, Leagold Mining and Starcore presented quarterly reports. Telson is investing on metallurgical studies at its Campo Morado mine in Guerrero. ON FINANCING, No relevant news. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Odyssey Marine Exploration updated on the Don Diego project offshore Baja California Sur. Minera Alamos presented mapping and sampling results on the Divisadero zone of its Santana project in Sonora. Leagold announced a significant increase in open pit reserves at its Los Filos mine in Guerrero.  ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Goldplay lost its director, Laura Diaz, as she has been appointed as General Director of Mines in Mexico. Pan American Silver entered into an agreement to acquire Tahoe Resources. Golden Minerals optioned the Navegantes property in Chihuahua.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • According to CAMIMEX (in a note from opportimes) copper production in Mexico has been stable. During 2017 the world´s copper production was 19.7 M tonnes, a 2% decrease from 2016. Mexico produced 742 K tonnes of copper in 2017, against 766 K tonnes produced in 2016, a 3.1% decrement. Sonora produces over 84% of the country’s total, with Zacatecas and San Luis Potosi following suit. Coming additions to production include El Boleo in Baja California Sur, which is to double its production to 28.5 tonnes; Media Luna in Guerrero is to add 21 K tonnes in 2022 and El Pilar project in Sonora could add 36 K tonnes in 2020.

ON EXPLORATION

  • Radius Gold Inc. completed drilling at its Amalia project in Chihuahua. Nine holes, for a total of 1,909 m were diamond drilled in a program funded by Pan American Silver under a JV. The Campamento, Guadalupe, San Pedro and Dulces Nombres targets were tested across a strike length of 1.8 Km “following the trace of a large regional fault and associated surficial epithermal gold and silver mineralization”. Results pending.
  • Prize Mining Corp. released results from the first four holes at the Manto Negro stratiform copper project in Coahuila. Core length drill intersections comprise 4.40 m @ 1.02% Cu, 28 g/t Ag; 3.55 m @ 1.69% Cu, 28 g/t Ag at El Granizo; 4.10 m @ 0.88% Cu, 49 g/t Ag; 3.40 m @ 1.58% Cu, 122 g/t Ag at El Pilar Grande. At El Rincon, 1.6 Km north from El Pilar Grande, rock channel sampling averaged 3.41 m @ 2.13% Cu, 63 g/t Ag.
  • Silver Viper Minerals Corp. released the first batch of analyses from its initial drilling program at La Virginia project, in Sonora. Results have been received for five of the eight holes from which samples were submitted, with relevant intervals comprising: 9.70 m @ 1.20 g/t Au, 58 g/t Ag (2.03 g/t AuEq), including 2.72 m @ 3.34 g/t Au, 133 g/t Ag (5.24 g/t AuEq); 12.6 m @ 1.04 g/t Au, 79 g/t Ag (2.17 g/t AuEq), including 3.85 m @ 1.88 g/t Au, 152 g/t Ag (4.05 g/t AuEq); 0.7 m @ 2.25 g/t Au, 49 g/t Ag (2.95 g/t AuEq); 8.50 m @ 1.26 g/t Au, 55 g/t Ag (2.05 g/t AuEq) including 1.89 m @ 2.43 g/t Au, 81 g/t Ag (3.58 g/t AuEq); 0.94 m @ 0.96 g/t Au, 49 g/t Ag (1.66 g/t AuEq). The reported holes were collared on Las Huatas zone, with the first two testing parallel veins to the main trend, whereas the last three tested the previously identified main trend, generally intercepting mineralization at expected depths, widths and grades. “The intercepts are characteristic of previous hits on the project, where gold and silver bearing quartz veining/stockwork/breccia fill is often hosted in close proximity to the fractured contact between andesites of the lower volcanic succession and pre-mineral dacite dykes. Mineralization is hosted by both lithologies with the intervals often exhibiting strong silica overprint”.
  • Riverside Resources Inc. informed rock sampling and mapping defined four new targets at its Cecilia project in Sonora. The recent work was conducted on a 50 square km area, checking on previous soil sampling results. The Casa de Piedra, Los Llanos, Cruz and Cruz II targets were outlined, forming structural corridors up to 2 km long of quartz veins (locally banded, locally bearing calcite), anastomosing quartz veins, veins and quartz stockworks that can be up to 30 m in width and locally up 100 m in width. Alteration assemblages in these zones include sericite, silica, kaolinite and buddingtonite. All these areas display anomalous gold values, of up to 2.6 g/t Au.
  • Golden Minerals Co. released rock sampling results from its recently optioned Navegantes project in Chihuahua. Navegantes covers two vein systems, Navegantes and San Pedro‐San Francisco) as well as a number of smaller subsidiary veins, with mineralization occurring as iron oxides within quartz veins ranging up to 2 m in width and 800 m in length. Highlighted samples comprise 1.0 m @ 1,585 g/t Ag; 1.45 m @ 759 g/t Ag; 1.1 m @ 639 g/t Au; 2.1 m @ 472 g/t Ag.

ON MINING

  • Sierra Metals Inc. presented its third quarter 2018 financial report. The company, that has two mines in Mexico and one in Peru, saw its EBITDA reduced 3% in a yearly basis to $18.8 M, due to the decrease in metal prices. At the end of the period, Sierra’s net debt was $30.7 M, and its cash and cash equivalents $30.7 M. At Bolivar in Chihuahua, quarter on quarter production was affected by heavy rains, but year on year production was still increased, with the goal of achieving 3,600 tonnes per day (tpd) in Q1 2019. At Cusi, in Chihuahua, the mill continues to run at the 650 tpd capacity. The additional mill being installed will increase capacity to 1,200 tpd early in 2019. Cash cost per CuEq Lb was $1.68 and AISC $2.35 per CuEq Lb at Bolivar, while at Cusi cash cost was $14.11 per AgEq Oz and AISC $19.08 per AgEq Oz. Surface drilling at Bolivar was 8,332 m, while 2,176 m were drilled from the underground mine. At Cusi, 6,569 m were drilled from the surface.
  • Mag Silver Corp. released its Q3 2018 financial results. At Juanicipio, in Zacatecas, over 16 km of underground development have been achieved, 32% of which was realized on the last nine months. Mag advanced $8.47 M to Minera Juanicipio to fund its 44% share of ongoing development. Fresnillo has reiterated production is to start by mid-2020. Exploration during the quarter completed 48 holes, for 46,060 m of drilling focused to convert inferred resources to indicated, and to trace the Deep Zone laterally and to depth. The company ended the period with cash and cash equivalents of $141.8 M.
  • Leagold Mining Corp. reported 2018 third quarter operating and financial results. At Los Filos in Guerrero, production totaled 42,617 Oz at AISC of $1,060 per AuOz by mining 7.4 M tonnes from the open pit at a grade of 0.65 g/t Au, and 172 K tonnes @ 6.26 g/t Au.
  • Starcore International Mines Ltd. reported production results for its second quarter of fiscal 2019 at its San Martin mine in Queretaro. During the quarter (ended October 31st), 81.4 K tonnes were milled @ 1.4 g/t Au, 43.5 g/t Ag, recovering 86.9% Au, 58.7% Ag, to produce 4,050 AuEq Oz. The Altiplano processing facility was put on maintenance and the sale of the asset is being considered.
  • Telson Mining Corp. announced its intention to retain Glencore Technology to test its patented metallurgical approach to increase zinc recoveries and zinc concentrate grade at its Campo Morado mine in Guerrero.

ON FINANCING

  • No Relevant News.

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Odyssey Marine Exploration Inc. commented on its Q3 2018 report that a plea has been presented at the Tribunal Federal de Justicia Administrativa to oblige SEMERANAT (the Mexican environmental agency) to produce the requested environmental permit on the Don Diego offshore phosphate project in Baja California Sur.
  • Minera Alamos Inc. reported that mapping and surface sampling on the new Divisadero porphyry discovery at its Santana project, in Sonora. The work delineated a 200 x 300 m surface expression (still open) of the 95.7 m @ 0.85 g/t Au, 9.8 g/t Ag, 0.33% Cu drill intercept of porphyry style mineralization of a previous press release. Over 50% of 66 rock samples collected assayed between 0.1 and 2.2 g/t Au, with mineralization appearing to remain open under thin soil cover to the north and south. The Divisadero zone is 200 m north of the Nicho Norte breccia pipe.
  • Leagold Mining Corp. announced a significant increase in open pit mineral reserves at its Los Filos mine in Guerrero. Proven and probable reserves grew 122% compared with the 351 K Oz Au of December 2017, to reach 780 K Oz Au, contained in 40.5 M tonnes @ 0.60 g/t Au.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Goldplay Exploration Ltd. congratulated “its director, Ms. Laura Cristina Diaz Nieves, on her appointment as the next General Director of Mines in Mexico. As a result of this appointment, Ms. Diaz Nieves is required to relinquish her position as director of the Company at the end of this month” (San Marcial, Sinaloa).
  • Pan American Silver Corp. and Tahoe Resources Inc. entered into a definitive agreement for Pan American to acquire all of the outstanding shares of Tahoe, creating the world’s premier silver mining company. “Tahoe shareholders may elect to receive US$3.40 in cash or 0.2403 Pan American shares for each Tahoe share, subject in each case to pro-ration based on a maximum cash consideration of US$275 million and a maximum number of Pan American shares issued of 56.0 million, totaling US$1,067 million (the “Base Purchase Price”). The Base Purchase Price represents a premium of 34.9% to Tahoe’s volume weighted average price (“VWAP”) for the 20-day period ending on November 13, 2018……. At closing, existing Pan American and Tahoe shareholders will own approximately 73% and 27% of Pan American, respectively” (La Colorada, Zacatecas; El Escobal, Guatemala).
  • Golden Minerals Co. announced the acquisition of the 521 hectares, covered by six concessions, Navegantes property in Chihuahua. Golden holds an option to purchase six concessions totaling 521 hectares by paying $0.4M over three years.

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the image above, magnetic biotite book from a porphyritic intrusive rock, attached to a field magnet in Jalisco. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the First Week of November, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

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By Jorge Cirett

During the 44th week of the year (October 29th to November 4th, 2018), at least 26 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. Prize Mining, Southern Silver, Kootenay, Excellon, Colibri, Golden Minerals and Galore released advances in exploration. Consolidated Zinc and Telson released news on mining, while Endeavour, Excellon and  Great Panther reported Q3 financial results. Aloro Mining and Sonoro Metals reported news related to financing. Goldplay and SilverCrest reported on advances on its properties, while Silver Bull presented an updated resource base. Marlin Gold and Golden Reign advance on their acquisition agreement and Colibri entered into a purchase agreement with Yaque Minerals. Golden Minerals is acquiring the Yoquivo property in Chihuahua. ON MEXICO ISSUES, CAMIMEX presented figures on the state of the mining industry in Mexico. ON EXPLORATION, In Sonora, Colibri described its El Mezquite and Jackie projects. In Chihuahua Golden Minerals released high-grade results from its Yoquivo project, and Kootenay presented interesting results from early exploration on its Mecatona project. In Coahuila, Prize Mining is doing regional exploration on its Manto Negro project. In Durango, Southern Silver presented significant results from drilling on its CLM West claim group. In Zacatecas, Galore has received permit to drill on its El Alamo claim. ON FINANCING, Sonoro has completed a private placement for $500 K. Aloro Mining completed its placement for gross proceeds of C$800 K. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Goldplay reported results from sampling historical core at its San Marcial project in Sinaloa. Silver Bull presented an updated resource on its Sierra Mojada project in Coahuila. SilverCrest presented high-grade results from infill drilling at its Las Chispas project in Sonora. A PEA is to be completed for a 1,000 to 1,500 tonne/day underground operation. ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Golden Reign, Marlin Gold and Sailfish Royalties continue to advance its purchase agreement. Colibri Resource is to acquire Yaque Minerals S.A. de C.V. owned by OnTop Capital. Golden Minerals holds an option to acquire the Yoquivo property in Chihuahua.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • In AIMMGM’s past conference in October, Fernando Alanis from CAMIMEX (Cámara Minera de México) presented figures from the mining industry in Mexico. Mineral royalties collected US$220 M in 2017, adding up to US$631 M on the last four years. An additional US$248 M were invested by companies in the communities and environment where they are located. Just in mining duties over concessions amounted to US$132.9 M. In the attractiveness index for investment, Mexico has gone from the 11th place in 2011 to the 44th place in 2018. At the same time our direct competitors for investment in the mining industry are doing better, Peru passed from the 39th to the 19th position, and Chile from the 6th to the 8th position. Points suggested to make of Mexico a mining country include improvements in security, a better infrastructure (railways, ports), certainty on land rights, a common ground with other mining countries in fiscal terms, administrative efficiency in the application and issuing of mining concession titles and certainty and transparency in the timely granting of permits.

ON EXPLORATION

  • Prize Mining Corp. engaged a consultant to compile a GIS database for a regional exploration program on its 17,659 ha Manto Negro project in Coahuila. The 3,000 m drill program continues with its focus on the Granizo and Pilar Grande areas.
  • Southern Silver Exploration Corp. reported drill results from its CLM West claim group, adjacent to its Cerro Las Minitas project in Durango. One of three holes intercepted 3.0 m @ 168 g/t Ag, while the other two returned strong (up to 0.1%) arsenic and antimony anomalies. “The mineralization represents the first significant silver intercept identified on the CLM West claim group where drilling is targeting new Ag-Au epithermal systems”.
  • Kootenay Silver Inc. staked 2,857 ha in Chihuahua, creating the Mecatona project. The Ag dominant epithermal system is hosted in veins and breccias, with one anomalous structure running for more than 1.7 km, and another zone hosting stockworks and quartz veinlets in an 80 m wide argillic alteration zone. Results from 78 samples collected at the property are as high as 735 g/t Ag, 6.94 g/t Au, 3.5% Pb, 8.0% Zn.
  • Excellon Resources Inc. received title to concessions that increases its land position to over 45,000 hectares on its consolidated “Evolución” property, within the Miguel Auza district in Durango, along strike to HECLA’s San Sebastian mine. As announced in previous press releases, initial drilling has already shown broad mineralized intersections with anomalous Au, Ag, Pb, Zn, “including discrete higher‐grade zones of carbonate veining, bladed calcite and silica with galena, sphalerite and pyrite”.
  • Colibri Resource Corp. described the El Mezquite and Jackie projects in Sonora, its new properties through the acquisition of Yaque Minerals S.A. de C.V. from On Top Capital Ltd. The 180 hectares Mezquite project contains an alteration zone 2 km by 1 km , within which are at least four zones of sulfide oxidation related to contacts with a silicified feldspar porphyry. Assay results from 321 rock chip samples returned 42 samples over 0.1 g/t Au, averaging 0.74 g/t Au and up to 3.41 g/t Au, 198 g/t Ag. The 1,130 ha Jackie project is 2 km south of El Mezquite, and abuts to the east with the Santana project, owned by Minera Alamos.
  • Golden Minerals Co. released high-grade results from sampling at its Yoquivo project in Chihuahua. Highlighted results comprise 6 m @ 5.9 g/t Au, 937 g/t Ag; 6 m @ 1.7 g/t Au, 399 g/t Ag from the Pertenencia vein. 4 m @ 2.3 g/t Au, 489 g/t Ag from the Central breccia zone. 2.9 m @ 1.7 g/t Au, 345 g/t Ag from the San Francisco vein. To date 756 samples have been collected, identifying a series of low-sulfidation quartz veins and breccias. A regional exploration program was launched to search for additional veins.
  • Galore Resources Inc. has been granted permits to begin a 12-hole, 3,000 m diamond core drill program at its El Alamo claim in Zacatecas. El Alamo consists of Cretaceous sediments, mostly limestone with some siltstone and chert, and major faults bounding the project. Alteration and mineralization are represented by silicification and iron-oxide bodies after sulfides. Some of the higher grade gold values are associated with extensively iron-oxide jasperoid breccias. A shallow drill percussion camping collared 35 holes in 2012, and defined a 500 long by 200 wide target zone.

ON MINING

  • Consolidated Zinc Ltd. presented its September 2018 quarterly activities report. The Group entered a 12 month toll treatment and offtake purchase agreement with Grupo Mexico to treat its ore at the Santa Eulalia’s concentrator plant, with mining at the Plomosas mine in Chihuahua beginning on September 13th 2018. A detailed costing study (DCS) was completed and incorporated into a bankable feasibility study (BFS). “During the quarter the Mexican Environmental Authority (PROFEPA) provided the Company with an MIA Exception (EPA exception) for the mine and processing plant area”. Cash balance at the end of the period was $0.61 M.
  • Telson Mining Corp. reported concluding a renewable power purchase agreement for its Campo Morado mine in Guerrero. The ten-year agreement sets the price for consuming 42.00 GW per year at a price that is 32% lower than the last nine-month average price paid at the site.
  • Endeavour Silver Corp. reported third quarter 2018 financial results. During the period silver production (1.43 M Oz) increased 13% and gold (12,968 Oz) decreased by 5%, with a silver equivalent production of 2.4 M Oz, and the Terronera pre-feasibility study was completed with improved project economics. On the financial side a net loss of $5.5 M was recorded, with EBITDA decreasing 8% to $5.6 M, mine operating cash flow decreased 20% to $9.6 M, cash cost rose to $8.86 per Oz Ag (net of gold credits) and All-in sustaining cost fell to $16.14 per Oz Ag, with a working capital of $57.4 M, whilst $5.6 M were raised through ATM financing.
  • Excellon Resources Inc. reported financial results for the third quarter 2018. During the period 10,974 of ore were produced, 17,907 tonnes processed (ore and stockpile), grading 416 g/t Ag, 3.47% Pb, 4.33% Zn (for ore) and 151 g/t Ag,1.36% Pb, 1.45% Zn (stockpile), recovering 89.9% Ag, 74.2% Pb, 78.2% Zn to produce 171.2 K Oz Ag, 824 K Lb Pb, 1,005 K Lb Zn. Revenue was $2.6 M ($7.6 M a year earlier) for a gross loss of $3.5 M from operations, cash cost of $29.94 per Ag Oz and All-in sustaining cost of $44.02 per Ag Oz. Financial results were impacted by lower production, lower by-product prices and associated price adjustments. Management changes were made at the Platosa mine, and now production and development rates have increased.
  • Great Panther Silver Ltd. presented third quarter 2018 financial results. During the period 92.9 K tonnes were milled to produce 448.8 K Oz Ag, 4,737 Oz Au (adding to 1.023 M Oz AgEq) at cash cost $12.79 per Ag Oz ($13.59 per AgEq Ag Oz), all-in sustaining cost $19.74 ($16.56 per AgEq Oz). The revenue was $11.7 M, with a net loss of 3.642 M, EBITDA of $(3.679) and a networking capital at end of period of $57.9 M. Lower metal prices, lower production levels and a large concentrate load that could not be shipped before the end of the period impacted on the lower results.

ON FINANCING

  • Aloro Mining Corp. closed a non-brokered private placement for gross proceeds of C$800 K. Agnico Eagle, which owns 8.7% of Aloro shares, bought half the issued shares. (Los Venados, Sonora).
  • Sonoro Metals Corp. completed a non-brokered private placement, for gross proceeds of $500 K (Cerro Caliche, Sonora).

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Goldplay Exploration Ltd. reported results from sampling historical drill core from its San Marcial project in Sinaloa. These results are said to support the open pit potential for the historical NI-43-101 resource at the property. Highlighted results comprise 47.8 m (TW) @ 93 g/t AgEq (including 17.3 m @ 160 g/t AgEq); 42.0 m @ 61 g/t AgEq (including 24.8 m @ 79 g/t AgEq); 9.4 m @ 126 g/t AgEq.
  • Silver Bull Resources Inc. provided an updated NI43-101 resource report for the Sierra Mojada project in Coahuila. The open pit resource includes a high grade zinc zone of 13.5 M tonnes @ 11.2% Zn and a high grade silver zone with 15.2 M tonnes @ 114.9 g/t Ag. The total measured and indicated resources 70.4 M tonnes @ 38.6 g/t Ag, 3.4% Zn containing 5.354 billion pounds zinc and 87.4 M ounces silver.Sierra Mojada Resource table1
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. is to complete a preliminary economic assessment (PEA) for Las Chispas project in Sonora. A 1,000 to 1,500 tonne per day underground mining operation is being considered, with a counter-current decantation facility and Merrill Crowe recovery circuit similar to the nearby Santa Elena and Mercedes mines. Cyanidation with a possible add-on flotation circuit followed by intense leaching is being evaluated for the higher-grade ore, to raise the 86% Ag, 98% Au recovery with standard cyanidation only. SilverCrest is proceeding with the construction of a 500 m long, 4.5 m wide, 4.0 m high decline, and drifting 600 to 800 m along the mineralized structure to collect information on vein grade, width continuity, grade reconciliation, mineability and bulk sampling.
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. reported the best drill intercept to date for its Las Chispas project in Sonora. Results from 7 drill holes from the in-fill program were released, with highlighted intervals (TW) comprising 9.9 m @ 14.4 g/t Au, 2,132 g/t Ag (this is the best intercept to date, including 4.5 m @ 30.3 g/t Au, 4,498 g/t Ag); 3.8 m @ 6.78 g/t Au, 1,090 g/t Ag; 3.5 m @ 33.06 g/t Au, 2,092 g/t Ag; 11.1 m @ 3.99 g/t Au, 580 g/t Ag; 5.1 m @ 4.16 g/t Au, 197 g/t Ag; The weighted average for the five holes on the Area 51 is 6.0 m @ 11.41 g/t Au, 1,369 g/t Ag. A total of 351 holes have been collared, for 94,735 m of core, with 119 drill intercepts grading more than 1,000 g/t AgEq.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Sailfish Royalty Corp. announced its shareholders voted in favor of the restructuring of the company’s gold stream on the San Albino project. The stream restructuring is a condition to the closing of the transaction in which Golden Reign Resources Ltd. will acquire all issued shares of Marlin Gold Mining Ltd. (Trinidad, Sinaloa).
  • Marlin Gold Mining Ltd. shareholders voted in favour of a special resolution to approve the plan of arrangement and certain connected transactions, pursuant to which Golden Reign Resources Ltd. (“Golden Reign”) will acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of Marlin (Trinidad, Sinaloa).
  • Golden Reign Resources Ltd. and Marlin Gold Mining Ltd. have been granted the final court order from the Supreme Court of British Columbia approving the plan of arrangement pursuant to which Golden Reign will acquire all of the issued and outstanding common shares of Marlin (Trinidad, Sinaloa).
  • Colibri Resource Corp. entered into a share purchase agreement with OnTop Capital Ltd. to purchase all issued and outstanding shares of Yaque Minerals S. A. de C.V., a wholly owned subsidiary of OnTop. Yaque assets consist of El Mezquite and Jackie mineral exploration properties close to the Santana project owned by Minera Alamos in Sonora. “As consideration for the Transaction, Colibri has agreed to issue a convertible debenture in the amount of $1 million CDN bearing an annual interest rate of 2.5% which is convertible at any time, in whole or in part, over the next 5 years into common shares of Colibri at $0.20 per share for a total of up to 5 million shares”.
  • Golden Minerals Co. holds an option to purchase the six concessions that comprise the 2,367 hectares Yoquivo property in Chihuahua, for payments totaling $0.5 M over four years and subject to a 2% NSR royalty.

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the image above, intermediate composition dike with chilled margins intruding andesitic volcanic rocks in Jalisco. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the Third Week of October, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

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By Jorge Cirett

During the 42nd week of the year (October 15th to October 21st, 2018), at least 31 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. San Marco and Odyssey released advances in exploration. Galore Resources and Aura Minerals released news on mining, while Avino Silver, First Majestic, Premier Gold and Gold Resource reported Q3 production results. Sonoro Metals, First Majestic, Azucar Minerals and Plata Latina reported news related to financing. Telson, Azure, Candelaria and Goldplay reported on advances on its properties. Santacruz, Prize Mining, Azucar Minerals, Alio Gold, Canuc Resources, Minera Alamos and Excellon presented information on deals or corporate issues. ON MEXICO ISSUES, CAMIMEX stated there are 19 ongoing projects to augment gold production in Mexico. ON EXPLORATION, In Baja California Sur, Odyssey informed on SEMARNAT’s refusal for permitting the Don Diego project. In Sonora, San Marco is to start mapping and sampling the Espiritu project. In Coahuila, Prize Mining continues drilling at its Manto Negro project. ON MINING, Avino Silver, First Majestic, Premier Gold, and Gold Resource reported on Q3 2018 production. Galore begun mining at Los Gemelos, Zacatecas. Aura Minerals completed the first copper concentrate shipment from Aranzazu, also in Zacatecas. ON FINANCING, Sonoro is undertaking a private placement to raise up to $500 K. First Majestic filed a shelf prospectus that enables the raising of up to US$300 M in 25 months. Newcrest is exercising its top up rights to maintain 19.9% ownership of Azucar Minerals. Plata Latina settled C$231 K of indebtedness by share issuing. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Telson released high grade results from development sampling at Tahuehueto, Durango. Azure Minerals announced a positive scoping study on its Oposura project in Sonora. Candelaria Mining filed a NI-43-101 report on its Pinos project in Zacatecas. Goldplay was approved the drilling permit by SEMARNAT for drilling at its San Marcial project in Sinaloa. Azure Minerals released a positive scoping study on its Oposura project in Sonora, for an open pit/underground operation. Newcrest is to maintain its 19.9% ownership of Azucar Minerals (see above).  Minera Alamos reported second round drill results on its Santana property in Sonora. ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Santacruz Silver made the final payment to acquire a considerable land package in the Zacatecas district. Newcrest is to maintain its participation in Azucar Minerals. Canuc received conditional approval for its acquisition of Circle Energy. Alio Gold is disposing of some assets in Nevada and reducing its debt levels. Excellon is to sell the Beschefer project in Canada.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • According to CAMIMEX (Cámara Minera de México) there are 19 investment projects to be developed during the 2018-2019 period, five in Durango (Camino Rojo, Piritas in Peñasquito, El Compás, Fresnillo’s Piritas project and Juanicipio), four in Guerrero (Ana Paula, Bermejal underground, Media Luna, and Rey de Plata), four in Durango (Tahuehueto, Pitarrilla, Metates and San Agustin), Two in Sonora (Santa Gertrudis and a second leach plant at La Herradura), one in Puebla (Ixtaca) and one in Chihuahua (San Julian). Gold production in 2017 was 4,080,000 ounces, decreasing by 4% on the prior year, but considerably larger than the 848,000 ounces produced in year 2000.

ON EXPLORATION

  • San Marco Resources Inc. is to start exploration at its Espiritu porphyry copper project in Sonora. Work in the property will consist of geological mapping, surface rock sampling and assessment of past drill hole and surface data. San Marco’s first pass review suggest the system is open in most directions. Past drill hole intercepts include 48.0 m @ 0.19 g/t Au, 0.10 % Cu and 220.5 m @ 0.14 g/t Au, 0.15% Cu.
  • Odyssey Marine Exploration Inc. received notification that SEMARNAT repeated their refusal to issue an environmental permit for the phosphate deposit, “in direct contravention of the Order of the Federal Administrative Court”. SEMARNAT did not inform of any new environmental information used as a basis their decision, as was required in the Court’s Order. Odyssey “expects its legal team to file a new action before the Superior Section of the Federal Administrative Court demonstrating that SEMARNAT is in contempt of the Court’s Order with a request for sanctions and notification to Mexico’s Internal Control Unit” (Don Diego, Baja California Sur).
  • Prize Mining Corp. continues with the 30-hole 3,000 m drill program at its Manto Negro project in Coahuila. “Core is being logged and sampled and sent out for assay, with first results expected in November”.

ON MINING

  • Avino Silver & Gold Mines Ltd. announced its third quarter production results for 2018. In the Avino mine. during the period 81.5 K dry tonnes were milled @ 58 g/t Ag, 0.52 g/t Au, 0.54% Cu; with 84% Ag, 67% Au, 88% Cu recoveries to produce 112.6 K Oz Ag, 882 Oz Au, 865 K Lb Cu (or 3,935 Kg Ag, 28.31 Kg Au, 392.36 Tonnes Cu). In the San Gonzalo mine (which is nearing the end of its mine life) 19.7 K dry tonnes were milled @ 226 g/t Ag, 1.15 g/t Au; with 78% Ag, 75% Au to produce 107.8 K Oz Ag, 532 Oz Au (or 3,461 Kg Ag, 17,086 g Au). From the above ground stockpile 88.7 K tonnes were milled @ 62 g/t Ag, 0.45 g/t Au, 0.15% Cu; with 57% Ag, 52% Au, 37% Cu recoveries, to produce 97.4 K Oz Ag, 652 Oz Au, 112.8 K Lb Cu (or 3,127 Kg Ag, 20,931 g Au). An additional 8,212 Oz Ag were produced by a test program to recover precious metals and zinc from the San Gonzalo mine tailings. To counter significantly lower metal prices, Avino is reducing costs by postponing exploration, as well as reducing general and administrative costs in Mexico and British Columbia.
  • First Majestic Silver Corp. announced production results for Q3 2018. Consolidated results include the milling of 864 K tonnes of ore to produce 3.5 M Oz Ag, 35,260 Oz Au, 4.44 M Lb Pb, 1.23 M Lb Zn (or 6.74 M Oz AgEq). A 20% cost reduction program across all areas is being implemented to deal with the prolonged low silver prices. AgEq year on year production grew by 69%, mainly by the addition of the San Dimas operations. The mine by mine production table is below.

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  • Galore Resources Inc. Has begun mining at Los Gemelos, in Zacatecas. Mining has begun without a feasibility study at Galore’s owned Duraznillo ranch, which includes the Los Gemelos and Duende 7 claims, within the Concepción del Oro district. The mining contractor has installed a gold processing plant with initial capacity of 90 tons per week. The proceeds, net of costs, are to be allocated with 40% to Galore and 60% to the contractor, URBYASA.
  • Aura Minerals Inc. completed the first shipment of copper concentrate since the reopening of its Aranzau mine in Zacatecas. Aura “continues to further progress on the underground mine development and operational improvements to the plant. Construction of the new tailings disposal system (TD5) is expected to be completed this year”.
  • Premier Gold Mines Ltd. released Q3 2018 production results, including figures from its Mercedes mine in Sonora, where 17,465 Oz Au; 88,390 Oz Ag were produced. “The Mercedes Mine remains focused on cost reduction and the development of new deposits to increase flexibility and productivity……. construction to expand tailings capacity began. Additionally, development continued on a drift from the Lagunas mine to access the higher-grade Marianas deposit located along the main Mercedes mine trend”.
  • Gold Resource Corp. reported preliminary production results for the third quarter 2018. During the period production totaled 434 tonnes Cu, 2,119 tonnes Pb, 4,970 tonnes Zn, and no details were disclosed on precious metals. For the first three quarters of 2018, 18,864 Oz Au, 1.34 M Oz Ag, 1,206 tonnes Cu, 5,274 tonnes Pb, 14,236 tonnes Zn were produced.

ON FINANCING

  • Sonoro Metals Corp. proposes to undertake a non-brokered private placement, aiming to raise up to $500K (Cerro Caliche, Sonora).
  • First Majestic Silver Corp. filed a preliminary short form base shelf prospectus that will allow First Majestic to raise up to US$300 M during the next 25 months (Six producing mines in Mexico).
  • Azucar Minerals Ltd. announced Newcrest Canada Holdings Inc. exercised its top-up rights pursuant to the May 2018 investor rights agreement with Azucar, acquiring additional shares for a total of $124.4 K, and maintaining its 19.9% ownership.
  • Plata Latina Minerals Corp. has agreed to settle indebtedness of C$201 K owing to its directors and indebtedness of C$30 K owing to its former CEO, by issuing common shares.

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Telson Mining Corp. reported assay results from veins exposed during underground development at its Tahuehueto mine in Durango. Highlighted results comprise 3.25 m @ 7.10 g/t Au, 37 g/t Ag, 0.22% Cu, 0.9% Pb, 5.4% Zn; 6.10 m @ 5.04 g/t Au, 36 g/t Ag, 0.16% Cu, 1.8% Pb, 3.9% Zn; 8.05 m @ 2.52 g/t Au, 28 g/t Ag, 0.19% Cu, 0.8% Pb, 2.9% Zn; 4.20 m @ 8.02 g/t Au, 96 g/t Ag, 2.93% Cu, 5.0% Pb, 8.2% Zn; 4.40 m @ 2.62 g/t Au, 19 g/t Ag, 1.3% Cu, 3.8% Pb, 3.7% Zn.
  • Candelaria Mining Corp. filed a NI-43-01 preliminary feasibility assessment (PEA) report on its Pinos project, Zacatecas. The resources stand at: 85,847 tonnes @1.6 g/t Au, 83 g/t Ag measured; 175.7 K tonnes @ 3.6 g/t Au, 47 g/t Ag indicated; 529.6 K tonnes @ 3.6 g/t Au, 48 g/t Ag as inferred. The measured resources are in dumps, whereas the indicated and inferred resources are contained in veins 1.3 to 2.1 m in average widths. Production costs were evaluated for a range of 200 to 400 tonnes per day (tpd) operation. The capital cost is estimated at $13.5 M and the sustaining capital at $9.15 M.
  • Goldplay Exploration Ltd. received approval from SEMARNAT (Mexican environmental agency) for its upcoming drill programs at San Marcial, Sinaloa. Up to 69 drill holes can be completed within a two year window. A NI-43-101 resource estimate is to be completed before the end of 2018., and a PEA is expected to be undertaken in 2019.
  • Azure Minerals Ltd. announced a positive scoping study (SS) completed at its Oposura project in Sonora. “The Study delivers a Life of Mine (LOM) EBITDA of A$237 million, NPV(8%) (pre-tax) of A$112 million and an IRR (pre-tax) of 76%….. ”. The study calls for mining by open pit and underground methods 2.5 M tonnes @ 4.6% Zn, 2.6% Pb, 15.9 g/t Ag. The initial mine life is 5.3 years, with average annual production of 19 Kt Zn, 10 Kt Pb, 145 K Oz Ag. The total capital expenditure needed to achieve production is A$ 69.9 M (US$ 52.4 M).
  • Minera Alamos Inc. reported results on the second round of its phase 1 drilling program at its Santana property in Sonora. Highlighted results comprise 80.4 m @ 1.05 g/t Au; and 8.0 m @ 1.0 g/t Au and 24.5 m @ 0.81 g/t Au on a second hole. “Planning of the Phase 2 drill program will begin once the remaining drilling results have been received and interpreted”.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Santacruz Silver Mining Ltd. has made the final option payment to acquire 149 concessions covering 7,800 ha in the Zacatecas district. Santacruz now controls 8,900 ha in the district.
  • Azucar Minerals Ltd. informed Newcrest Canada Holdings Inc. has confirmed its intention to exercise its top-up rights on their last May signed agreement. Under the scheme, Newcrest is to maintain its 19.9% ownership of Azucar (El Cobre, Veracruz).
  • Alio Gold Inc. entered into a definitive agreement to sell the Lincoln Hill, Wilco and Gold Ridge projects in Nevada to Coeur Mining Inc.. Alio is to receive $19 M upon the closing of the transaction. Recently, Alio has also reduced its outstanding debt with Macquarie Bank Ltd. from $15 million in past June, to $5 million now. The Company expects to fully extinguish the MBL debt during the fourth quarter. Alio also settled a $5 M contingent liability that the Company acquired with its acquisition of Rye Patch Gold Corp. and the Florida Canyon Mine earlier this year. The Company has also updated its surety bond for the Florida Canyon Mine in Nevada, releasing an additional $5.1 million in cash (San Francisco, Sonora).
  • Canuc Resources Corp. received conditional approval from the TSX Venture Exchange for the previously announced acquisition of Circle Energy Ltd., a company with six oil prospective sections in Saskatchewan (San Javier, Sonora).
  • Excellon Resources Inc. entered into an option agreement with Wallbridge Mining Co. to sell the Beschefer project in Canada (Platosa, Durango).

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the image above, epidote veinlet with feld-K halo in andesitic volcanic rocks in a porphyry-Cu prospect in Jalisco. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the Third Week of September, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

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On the image above, weakly silicified ridge on strongly argillitized volcanic rocks and minor quartz veining in clay pit in Hidalgo (Man-made produced differential erosion). Picture by Jorge Cirett.

By Jorge Cirett

During the 38th week of the year (September 17th to September 23rd, 2018), at least 24 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. Prize Mining, Kootenay, Silver Viper and Radius released advances in exploration. Excellon and Consolidated Zinc released news on mining. Prospero, Oceanus, Sable, Avino and Advance Gold reported news on financing. Capstone, Goldplay, Gold Resource, Excellon, Southern Silver, Endeavour and SilverCrest reported on development of its properties. Defiance Silver, and Valoro are to merge, Arian Silver is to change name whereas Kootenay and Radius reported deals on properties. ON MEXICO ISSUES, Goldcorp opened a health clinic in Zacatecas. ON EXPLORATION, in Sonora, Silver Viper started drilling on the Rubi-Esperanza claims of La Virginia project. In Chihuahua, Radius Gold is to drill the Amalia property. In Coahuila, Prize Mining initiated drilling at Manto Negro. ON MINING Excellon commented on production issues at Platosa, while Consolidated Zinc completed the first ore shipment from its Plomosas mine. ON FINANCING, Prospero Silver completed the private placement financing for CAD$356 K with Fortuna Silver. Oceanus raised $750 K. Sable entered a bought deal private placement for $2M. Avino Silver announced the pricing of US$4 M of an underwritten public offering. Advance Gold filed documents closing a financing for $255.3 K. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Capstone, Goldplay, Gold Resource, Excellon, Southern Silver and Endeavour released drilling results aimed to better define or increase the resource base on their properties. SilverCrest presented an updated mineral resource estimate on its Las Chispas project. ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Defiance Silver and Valoro Resources signed a LOI on a merger. Kootenay optioned the Copalito property in Sinaloa. Arian Silver is to change name to Alien Metals. Pan American optioned the Amalia property in Chihuahua.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • GoldCorp opened a rural clinic in Mazapil, Zacatecas. With the investment of $40 M pesos GoldCorp executives opened the Unidad Médica Regional (Regional Medical Unit) in the Cedros community, within the Mazapil municipality of Zacatecas. The unit will be manned by IMSS-Prospera personnel, was presented as the most equipped rural clinic in the country, and is to provide 24 hours medical service to more than 2300 inhabitants.

ON EXPLORATION

  • Prize Mining Corp. initiated a 3,000 m diamond drilling program at its Manto Negro project in Coahuila. The program is focused on the El Granizo and Pilar Grande areas, which are 18 km apart, to test high-grade copper and silver surface oxide deposits.
  • Kootenay Silver Inc. presented encouraging rock-chip results from its recently optioned Copalito property in Sinaloa. Highlighted samples returned: 1.0 m @ 0.23 g/t Au, 104 g/t Ag, 0.13% Pb, 0.67% Zn; 1.5 m @ 0.50 g/t Au, 32 g/t Ag, 0.85% Pb, 0.40% Zn; 1.9 m @ 2.36 g/t Au, 50 g/t Ag, 0.50% Pb, 0.72% Zn; 1.5 m @ 0.45 g/t Au, 122 g/t Ag; 1.5 m @ 0.11 g/t Au, 1,700 g/t Ag, 0.26% Pb, 0.07% Zn; 1.0 m @ 0.40 g/t Au, 1,030 g/t Ag, 0.08% Pb, 0.10% Zn on La Chiva vein, 2.0 m @ 0.02 g/t Au, 474 g/t Ag, 0.26% Pb, 0.87% Zn; 1.10 m @ 0.15 g/t Au, 309 g/t Ag; 0.11% Pb on the Agua vein and 1.0 m @ 1.23 g/t Au, 1,155 g/t Ag; 0.96% Pb, 1.68% Zn; 1.0 m @ 1.82 g/t Au, 396 g/t Ag, 0.70% Pb, 1.17% Zn; 1.9 m @ 0.04 g/t Au, 301 g/t Ag; 0.04% Pb, 0.06% Zn on the 5 Señores vein.
  • Radius Gold Inc. announced the arrival of two drill rigs and commencement of drilling at its Amalia property in Chihuahua. “The drill program is operated by Radius and funded by Pan American Silver, under a joint venture agreement”. The targets to be tested are Campamento, Guadalupe and Dulces. The three comprise a continuum from high level to deeper epithermal mineralization in rough terrain, with stockwork zones, structurally controlled breccias and veins with both bulk mining and high-grade targets.
  • Silver Viper Minerals Corp. announced the completion of a drill camp and the initiation of drilling at the La Virginia project in eastern Sonora. Phase I drilling will be concentrated on the Rubi-Esperanza group of claims, with a combination of confirmation drilling (25%) over known mineralized trends and exploration drilling (75%) on untested targets. “Confirmation holes are planned in and around the historic La Virginia and Con Virginia workings and seek to confirm previously reported widths and grades of the main mineralized trend. These holes are designed to complement existing data, testing gaps in the previous work and testing the main trends for continuity and grade. Exploration holes are planned for nearby prospect areas: La Colonia, La Cascada and El Rubi. Additional prospects may be tested during Phase I as the campaign progresses”.

ON MINING

  • Excellon Resources Inc. anticipates “production in the quarter to be approximately 300,000 AgEq ounces due to operational issues related to surveying and planning personnel and lower byproduct prices. The operational issues have now been addressed and the operation is getting back on track”.
  • Consolidated Zinc Ltd. completed the first shipment of ore from its Plomosas mine in Chihuahua. “The Company plans to deliver 100 tonnes per day to the Santa Eulalia concentrator for the rest of this month for processing. Thereafter the Plomosas mine will scale up operations in order to deliver feed to the concentrator at or above 10,000 tonnes per month within nine months”.

ON FINANCING

  • Prospero Silver Corp. completed its recently announced private placement financing with Fortuna Silver Mines Inc., raising aggregate gross proceeds of CAD$356 K to test Prospero’s Bermudez project in Chihuahua.
  • Oceanus Resources Corp. closed a non-brokered private placement, raising $750K (El Tigre, Sonora).
  • Sable Resources Ltd. entered into an agreement with Haywood Securities Inc. in a bought deal private placement for total gross proceeds of $2 M (Margarita, Chihuahua).
  • Avino Silver & Gold Mines Ltd. announced the pricing of 6.2 M common shares and an equal amount of warrants at US$0.65 per share and associated warrant at US$0.80. The shares amount to US$4 M of underwritten public offering (Avino, Durango).
  • Advance Gold Corp. filed documents on the TSX to close its previously announced private placement financing for gross proceeds of $255.3 K. The financing was effected with two insiders of the company (Tabasqueña, Zacatecas).

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Capstone Mining Corp. disclosed high-grade results from step-out drilling at its Cozamin mine in Zacatecas, which are to be included in a re-estimation of mineral resources later this year. Since the last estimation on March 2018, Capstone has drilled 46 additional holes, with drill intercepts underpinning the decision to elaborate the new resource estimation. Selected true width intercepts comprise 15.4 m @ 3.88% Cu, 0.12% Zn, 0.01% Pb, 63 g/t Ag, 0.02 g/t Au; 8.0 m @ 2.08% Cu, 0.07% Zn, 0.01% Pb, 70 g/t Ag, 0.15 g/t Au; 17.1 m @ 2.19% Cu, 0.07% Zn, 0.01% Pb, 39 g/t Ag, 0.01 g/t Au; 14.8 m @ 5.34% Cu, 0.8% Zn, 0.03% Pb, 112 g/t Ag, 0.05 g/t Au; 9.7 m @ 2.26% Cu, 0.07% Zn, 0.01% Pb, 29 g/t Ag.
  • Goldplay Exploration Ltd. released additional results from sampling historical core drill holes (2010) from its San Marcial project in southern Sinaloa. “The new results expand known mineralization 200 meters down dip beyond the historic NI 43-101 resource area…” and delineate a new discovery subparallel to the main zone. Highlighted true width intervals comprise 4.0 m @ 63 g/t Ag, 1.0% Pb, 1.3% Zn, 0.07 g/t Au; 9.0 m @ 73 g/t Ag, 0.09% Pb, 0.2% Zn, 0.07 g/t Au; 3.0 m @ 139 g/t Ag, 0.03% Pb, 0.15% Zn, 0.04 g/t Au (including 1.0 m @ 501 g/t Ag, 0.09% Pb, 0.4% Zn, 0.08 g/t Au); 2.0 m @ 120 g/t Ag, 0.2% Pb, 0.7% Zn, 0.1 g/t Au; 16.0 m @ 57 g/t Ag, 0.1% Pb, 0.4% Zn, 0.04 g/t Au. The new mineralization style discovered is comprised of pervasive stockwork of millimetric veins hosted by a silicified epiclastic volcanic sequence, with a core length of 47 m showing grades from 0.2 to 1.1 g/t Au.
  • Gold Resource Corp. presented drill highlights from its Alta Gracia 2018 drill program in Oaxaca. The Alta Gracia project hosts the Mirador mine, located 16 km NW from the company’s Aguila project and mineral processing plant. Core length highlighted intervals on the Independencia and Victoria veins comprise 10.30 m @ 0.85 g/t Au, 1,052 g/t Ag; 5.18 m @ 0.55 g/t Au, 241 g/t Ag; 9.59 m @ 0.36 g/t Au, 430 g/t Ag; 2.70 m @ 1.67 g/t Au, 902 g/t Ag. Gold Resource “believes it has discovered a wide, high-grade silver ore shoot within the Independencia vein”, which is located 500 m SW along strike from its Mirador Mine.
  • Excellon Resources Inc. informed on expansion, infill and definition drill results from the 623 Manto and Rodilla manto areas on its Platosa mine in Durango. Highlighted core length intervals comprise 10.5 m @ 0.1 g/t Au, 397 g/t Ag, 2.6% Pb, 4.1% Zn; 4.7 m @ 0.1 g/t Au, 266 g/t Ag, 2.6% Pb, 2.5% Zn; 9.1 m @ 122 g/t Ag, 2.0% Pb, 0.5% Zn; 9.0 m @ 56 g/t Ag, 0.6% Pb, 1.1% Zn; 2.7 m @ 0.4 g/t Au, 783 g/t Ag, 8.2% Pb, 11.1% Zn; 3.5 m@ 489 g/t Ag, 1.5% Pb, 2.3% Zn; 5.5 m @ 2.9 g/t Au, 1,700 g/t Ag, 15.4% Pb, 21.4% Zn; 15.1 m @ 0.4 g/t Au, 1,014 g/t Ag, 10.9% Pb, 26.0% Zn; 6.5 m @ 268 g/t Ag, 4.0% Pb, 4.9% Zn. These results were not included on the previous resource estimate (Sept 7, 2018) and represent the potential for additional mineral resources.
  • Southern Silver Exploration Corp. informed additional metallurgical test work on the Skarn Front deposit from the Cerro Las Minitas Project has resulted in both the successful separation of a potential “saleable grade” copper concentrate as well as the generation of a cleaner zinc concentrate grading above 50% zinc without sacrificing zinc, lead or silver recoveries.The test work on the Skarn Front deposit recovered three concentrates: Cu-Ag; Pb-Ag and Zn-Ag (for recoveries of 67.7% Cu, 82.5% Pb, 89.5% Zn and 90.6% Ag).
  • Endeavour Silver Corp. reported high-grade infill drilling results from its Terronera property in Jalisco. Some highlighted true width intercepts: 3.9 m @ 2.6 g/t Au, 86 g/t Ag; 3.4 m @ 2.1 g/t Au, 136 g/t Ag; 3.3 m @ 0.9 g/t Au, 782 g/t Ag; 5.3 m @ 1.2 g/t Au, 783 g/t Ag; 4.2 m @ 0.7 g/t Au, 524 g/t Ag; 6.1 m @ 0.9 g/t Au, 1,297 g/t Ag; 7.7 m @ 4.8 g/t Au, 169 g/t Ag; 9.8 m @ 2.4 g/t Au, 197 g/t Ag; 3.7 m @ 4.5 g/t Au, 102 g/t Ag; 8.0 m @ 3.0 g/t Au, 85 g/t Ag; 5.6 m @ 7.1 g/t Au, 185 g/t Ag; 4.6 m @ 3.1 g/t Au, 131 g/t Ag; 8.2 m @ 3.4 g/t Au, 49 g/t Ag; 8.7 m @ 6.2 g/t Au, 90 g/t Ag; 1.8 m @ 13.2 g/t Au, 340 g/t Ag.  “Mineralization in the Terronera vein has been intersected over 1400 m long by 500 m deep, and it remains open at depth”.
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. released an updated mineral resource estimate for its Las Chispas property in Sonora. Inferred Mineral Resources are estimated at 4.3 M tonnes grading 3.68 g/t Au, 347 g/t Ag, or 623 g/t AgEq, containing 551.8 K Oz Au, 48.3 M Oz Ag, or 86.7 M Oz AgEq, using a 150 AgEq cut-off grade and minimum true vein width of 1.5 M. “The combination of the Area 51 zone (Babicanora Vein) and adjacent Babicanora Norte Vein hosts a combined Inferred Resource of 1.6 million tonnes grading 6.97 gpt gold and 568 gpt silver, or 1,091 gpt AgEq containing 56.3 million ounces of AgEq”. Eight of the 30 veins in the district were used for the updated resource estimate. .

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Defiance Silver Corp. and ValOro Resources Inc. entered into a letter of intent (LOI) to complete a friendly merger, on which the combined company will continue under the name of Defiance Silver Corp.. Defiance owns the San Acacio silver project in Zacatecas, whereas ValOro owns the Tepal gold-copper project in Michoacan. ValOro shareholders will receive 0.71 common shares of Defiance for each share of ValOro held.
  • Kootenay Silver Inc. recently optioned the Copalito property in Sinaloa. Kootenay can acquire 100% ownership on the concession by making staged payments over a 4 year period totaling an aggregate of US$985 K. The property consists of seven concessions totaling 3,700 hectares, with a classic low sulfidation epithermal vein system with numerous small old workings and no evidence of historic exploration drilling.
  • Arian Silver Corp. informed on a favorable vote in its annual general meeting to change the name of the company to Alien Metals Ltd. (San Celso, Zacatecas).
  • Radius Gold Inc. granted Pan American Silver Corp. the option to earn up to an initial 65% interest in the Amalia project in Chihuahua, by making staged cash payments to Radius totaling US$1.5M (US$100 K already paid) and expending US$2 M in exploration over four years. Pan American can earn an additional 10% by advancing the property to preliminary feasibility study. Initially Radius will be the project operator.

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the image above, weakly silicified ridge on strongly argillitized volcanic rocks and minor quartz veining in clay pit in Hidalgo (Man-made produced differential erosion). Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the First Week of September, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

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By Jorge Cirett

During the 36th week of the year (September 3rd to September 9th, 2018), at least 18 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. Prize Mining, Minaurum, Azure, and Kootenay released advances in exploration. Telson Mining released some clarifications to its operating Q2 2018 results. Prospero reported news on financing. Goldplay, Consolidated Zinc, Torex, Southern Silver, Impact Silver, Magellan Gold, and Aura Minerals reported on development of its properties. Golden Minerals, Sonoro and GoGold reported deals on properties or royalties. ON MEXICO ISSUES, AMLO announced cabinet posts in Economy, including the new Sub-secretary of Mining, Francisco Quiroga. The Mexican Core Shack now counts with displays from three properties in Chihuahua, two in Durango, two in Estado de Mexico, one in Guerrero and one in Puebla. ON EXPLORATION, In Sonora, Minaurum has resumed drilling at its Alamos Silver property. Azure reported high-grade surface results from its Oso Negro property and Kootenay released surface sampling results from its Malé project. In Coahuila Prize Mining announced a coming drill campaign on its Manto Negro project.  ON MINING Telson Mining presented some clarifications on its Q2 report, and some figures on production costs from the Campo Morado mine.  ON FINANCING, Prospero Silver announced a strategic investment by Fortuna Silver for US$270 K. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Goldplay released results from its San Marcial project in Sinaloa. Consolidated Zinc is to start mining in Plomosas, Chihuahua. Torex presented an updated technical report and a new mine plan on its El Limon-Guajes property in Guerrero. Southern Silver presented assay results from drilling at its Cerro Las Minitas property in Durango. Impact Silver announced the discovery of a new ore shoot on its Zacualpan property in Estado de Mexico. Magellan is planning to mine on its El Dorado property in Nayarit. Aura Minerals filed a FS and technical report on the restarting of its Aranzazu mine in Zacatecas. ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Golden Minerals sold its remaining interest on the Celaya property in Guanajuato to The Electrum Group for US$3 M. Sonoro optioned an inner concession within its Cerro Caliche property for US$100 K in two payments. GoGold sold its 2% NSR on the Santa Gertrudis project in Sonora to Metalla Royalty.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO), the president elect in Mexico, announced cabinet posts within the Secretaría de Economía (Bureau of Economy) for its incoming government. Graciela Márquez, as Secretary, is to be supported by Luz Maria de la Mora in Subsecretaría de Comercio Exterior (Foreign Commerce), Ernesto Acevedo Hernández in Subsecretaria de Industria y Comercio (Industry and Commerce), and Francisco Quiroga, on charge of the Subsecretaría de Minería (Mining). Francisco Quiroga was director of International Planning for Grupo Villacero, and worked for a couple of years at Arcelor Mittal México. He has master degrees from Yale and New Zealand, with expertise in international metal markets, steel, commodities and mining, as well as anti-dumping practices and industry. The Mexican Core Shack added images of drill core from Almaden’s Ixtaca project in Puebla, at https://gambusinoprospector.com/mexican-core-shack/puebla/ixtaca/ . The Mexican Core Shack now displays three properties in Chihuahua, two in Durango, two in Estado de Mexico, one in Guerrero and one in Puebla.

ON EXPLORATION

  • Prize Mining Corp. commenced the phase II exploration program on its Manto Negro project in Coahuila. This phase will consist of 3,000 m of diamond drilling, “3D modeling of drill intersections and artisanal underground workings”, a GIS compilation and preliminary metallurgical test work. At El Granizo, “strong copper mineralization is exposed on surface for a strike length of 550 metres and dips moderately to the southwest. Mineralization is hosted in the San Marcos red-bed sandstone close to the contact with the overlying Cupido limestone”. At Pilar Grande drilling will test a 200 by 50 m area containing the underground workings.
  • Minaurum Gold Inc. has resumed drilling at the Alamos Silver project in Sonora. The 5,000 m (or greater) drill program is to focus in seven untested veins exposed at high structural levels in down-dropped blocks outside of the historic mining corridor. “One hole will test the Minas Nuevas vein at depth and a second hole will test the Púlpito and Cotera vein zone projections. Eight more holes are planned on targets on the completely virgin eastern side of the historic La Quintera – Promontorio vein zone, including the Tigre, Ana, and Amalia vein zones, and the breccia body located south of Amalia and Tigre; as well as the Promontorio Sur vein zone to the south of Promontorio vein. The drill program will be expanded as new targets are generated.”
  • Azure Minerals Ltd. reported high grade assays from surface sampling at its Oso Negro property in Sonora. The project comprises a 1,119 ha concession application and an adjoining 156 ha concession purchased for US$35 K. Both concessions contain epithermal mineralization like quartz veins and quartz stockworks in zones of strong alteration, with galena and sphalerite within the quartz veins, which can attain widths of up to 5 m and lengths of 800 m. Of 88 samples collected, 37 returned over 100 g/t Ag, including 9 samples over 1,000 g/t Ag, and a peak of 2,680 g/t Ag. Of 88 samples collected, 37 samples returned over 1.0 g/t Au, including 7 samples over 5.0 g/t Au and up to 100.5 g/t Au.
  • Kootenay Silver Inc. released additional high-grade sampling results on its Malé project in Sonora. Thirty three sample collected from old pits and small trenches returned 19 samples with values over 1.0 g/t Au, with the highest running 12.1, 17.0, 24.7 and 36.0 g/t Au. “The Malé gold project is a granitic-hosted gold dominant polymetallic vein and vein stockwork system covering an area of 1500 x 1500 meters with numerous showings highly anomalous in gold…..Mineralization occurs as narrow veins, veinlets and stockworks of quartz with or without sulphides within structures projecting in a dominant northeast trend and a secondary northwest trend”.

ON MINING

  • Telson Mining Corp. presented some clarifications to its Q2 2018 financial report (please see press release for details). The “Campo Morado Mine has achieved direct site costs for mining, milling and administration during Q2 of approximately US$56.6, US$51.6 and US$51.8 per tonne respectively for, April, May and June. These current direct site costs are approximately 36% lower than the estimated direct site costs of US$72.26 per tonne used for the same categories in Telson’s recently published independent Preliminary Economic Assessment and approximately 40% lower than the previous operator’s last year of production during 2014”.

ON FINANCING

  • Prospero Silver Corp. arranged a US$270 K strategic investment from Fortuna Silver Mines Inc. Fortuna currently owns 20.3% of Prospero current and outstanding shares, and this private placement is to take that proportion to 26.9%. The proceeds will be allocated to test the Bermudez project in Chihuahua with a 3-hole 1,500 m drill program.

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Goldplay Exploration Ltd. disclosed additional results from sampling of the historical core drill holes completed in 2011 on the project San Marcial, in Sinaloa. Highlighted true width (TW) new results from two holes comprise 53.6 m @ 57 g/t Ag, 0.1% Pb, 0.4% Zn (including 5.6 m @ 253 g/t Ag, 0.2% Pb, 0.6% Zn); 46.5 m @ 57 g/t Ag, 0.3% Pb, 0.4% Zn (including 15.5 m @ 115 g/t Ag, 0.5% Pb, 0.7% Zn, same that include 3.25 m @ 411 g/t Ag, 1.9% Pb, 2.2% Zn).
  • Consolidated Zinc Ltd. is to start mining at its Plomosas project in Chihuahua. “The CZL Board has approved the development plan and mining will commence immediately with monthly receipts commencing mid October 2018”. CZL secured a finance package by way of convertible notes. The mined ore will be processed at Grupo Mexico’s plant in Santa Eulalia, Chihuahua, and the concentrate is to be sent to the same group’s smelter in San Luis Potosi. CZL “is confident that the first cashflow can be achieved for a capital cost less than US$500,000 and the C1 operating costs are expected to be less than US$0.50/lb Zinc after by-product credits”.
  • Torex Gold Resources Inc. completed an updated technical report that includes a life of mine plan (LOM) of nine years and an increased average gold production of 430 K Oz Au per year, from 2019 to 2023 at its Limón-Guajes mine in Guerrero.” The TR also contains an updated Media Luna Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA), with an after-tax NPV (5%) of $582M, and an after-tax IRR of 27%”.  El Limon Guajes updated TR, Sept 20181
  • Southern Silver Exploration Corp. reported assay results from initial core drilling on the 12,000 m 2018 drill program at its Cerro Las Minitas property in Durango. Highlighted true width (TW) intervals comprise 15.1 m @ 280 g/t Ag, 0.18% Cu, 0.9% Pb, 0.1% Zn (including 4.4 m @ 598 g/t Ag, 0.4% Cu, 2.1% Pb, 0.1% Zn) on the Skarn Front deposit, and 0.6 m @ 79 g/t Ag, 0.4 g/t Au, 1.2% Cu, 0.1% Pb, 14.1% Zn; 2.0 m @ 88 g/t Ag, 0.3 g/t Au, 0.2% Cu, 1.1% Pb, 2.6% Zn in Las Victorias zone, which extend mineralization for over 100 m to the southeast.
  • Impact Silver Corp. announced the discovery of a new ore shoot on the Lipton vein of the Guadalupe mine at its Zacualpan property in Estado de Mexico. To date the new zone has been drilled over a length of 120 m and vertical distance of 80 m, remaining open in all directions. Some of the highlighted true width intervals comprise 10.57 m @ 201 g/t Ag, 0.13 g/t Au, 0.2% Pb, 0.5% Zn (including 4.18 m @ 381 g/t Au, 0.09 g/t Au, 0.4% Pb, 1.1% Zn); 7.74 m @ 466 g/t Ag, 0.13 g/t Au, 0.5% Pb, 1.1% Zn; 8.82 m @ 306 g/t Ag, 0.11 g/t Au, 0.2% Pb, 0.5% Zn; 1.53 m @ 240 g/t Ag, 0.04 g/t Au, 0.7% Pb, 2.5% Zn; 2.87 m @ 308 g/t Au, 0.19 g/t Au, 0.3% Pb, 0.4% Zn.
  • Magellan Gold Corp. is focused on advancing El Dorado project in Nayarit towards production, planning to truck the ore to the SDA mill for processing. “The drilled resource appears to be sufficient to support an underground mining operation for five years at a mining rate of 100 tonnes per day….”. Magellan is applying for the necessary environmental and blasting permits, as well as quotes for contract mining.
  • Aura Minerals Inc. filed the NI-43-101 Feasibility Study and Technical Report on the Aranzazu mine in Zacatecas.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Golden Minerals Co. has sold its remaining interest on the Celaya property in Guanajuato, to The Electrum Group LLC. Golden Minerals is to receive a payment of US$3.0 M for selling 100% of its remaining mining concessions and related interests in the Celaya project located in Guanajuato.
  • Sonoro Metals Corp. optioned from a private owner the 9 ha “El Colorado” mining concession, within its Cerro Caliche project in Sonora. “The Option Agreement provides for Sonoro to acquire a 100% interest in El Colorado for total consideration to the Vendor of US$100,000, of which US$50,000 has been paid and the balance due in 6 months”. Seven thorough-going veins surrounded by quartz sotckwork areas and sheeted quartz veinlet zones present limited mining evidenced by tunnels, pits and trenches.
  • Metalla Royalty & Streaming Ltd. entered with GoGold Resources Inc. into an agreement to purchase a 2% net smelter return royalty on the Santa Gertrudis property in Sonora, for US$12 M in cash. The agreement is subject to a right of first refusal held by the owner of the project, Agnico Eagle Mines Ltd., right that has to be exercised with 45 days.

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the image above, argillitized volcanic rocks above the famous Vizcaína vein in the Pachuca District, Hidalgo. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the Fourth Week of August, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

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By Jorge Cirett

During the 34th week of the year (August 20th to August 26th, 2018), at least 17 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. Aztec Minerals, Discovery Metals, and SilverCrest Metals released advances in exploration. Grupo Mexico and Santacruz Silver Mining released its Q2 2018 results. SilverCrest Metals, Silver Bull, Avino Silver and Prize Mining reported news on financing. Azure Minerals reported advances on the PEA and new drilling of one of its projects. ON MEXICO ISSUES, The Mexican Core Shack now counts with displays from three properties in Chihuahua, two in Durango and two in Estado de Mexico. ON EXPLORATION, In Sonora, Aztec Minerals released results from surface sampling along drill roads on its Cervantes project. In Coahuila, Discovery Metals released results from underground sampling at its Puerto Rico project.   ON MINING Grupo Mexico and Santacruz Silver released its Q2 2018 reports. Grupo Mexico is to re-open its San Martin mine in Zacatecas.  ON FINANCING, Silver Bull and Prize Mining closed final tranches of financing for gross proceeds of US$3.79 M and $7.62 M respectively. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Azure Minerals is advancing the PEA on its Oposura property in Sonora, and announcing a new drilling campaign. SilverCrest released more drilling results from its Las Chispas project in Sonora. ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Alio Gold announced several changes in senior management, as well as at its corporate head office in Vancouver, related to the recent focus on its operating mines.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

ON EXPLORATION

  • Aztec Minerals Corp. released surface sampling results from the California prospect within its Cervantes project in Sonora. The rock chip channel samples were collected along drill roads, returning 75 m @ 0.11 g/t Au; 222 m @ 0.47 g/t Au; 84 m @ 0.40 g/t Au; 183 m @ 0.32 g/t Au; 81 m @ 0.53 g/t Au; 33 m @ 0.26 g/t Au; 111 m @ 0.02 g/t Au. Aztec’s CAD$182 K phase 2 exploration program “of geological mapping, rock, soil and sediment sampling and airborne magnetic and radiometric surveys is focused on better defining additional drill targets” on the 3,649 hectares property. Soil surveys highlight strong gold anomalies at the California north, Purisima East, Purisima West and Jacob soil grids, with individual samples returning up to 3.3 g/t Au. The Cervantes property is held under an option to purchase agreement with Kootenay Silver Inc.
  • Discovery Metals Corp. reported the second batch of underground channel sampling results from the San Jose mine at its Puerto Rico project in Coahuila. “San Jose contains approximately 630m of underground drifts and stopes over four levels (from bottom to top: the Chuyon, Haulage, Rope and Upper levels) that span an approximate vertical extent of 50m and cover a horizontal extent of approximately 80m by 80m. All four levels host strongly mineralized mantos, chimneys and faults. Channel samples were collected at 3-5m intervals along both sides of the entire length of the developed workings”. Individual samples are as high as 1.2 m @ 10 g/t Ag, 46.2% Zn, 0.2% Pb, 0.2% Cu; 0.7 m @ 154 g/t Ag, 38.2% Zn, 0.6% Pb, 0.1% Cu; 1.0 m @ 18 g/t Ag, 30.2% Zn, 0.1% Pb, 2.6% Cu; 1.0 m @ 445 g/t Ag, 3.5% Zn, 26.3% Pb, 0.6% Cu.discoverymetals_nr-2018-08-2311

ON MINING

  • Santacruz Silver Mining Ltd. reported operating results from the Veta Grande project in Zacatecas and the Rosario project in San Luis Potosi, for the second quarter 2018. At Veta Grande, 52 K tonnes @ 70 g/t Ag, 0.17 g/t Au, 1.14% Zn, 0.41% Pb (161 g/t AgEq) were processed, with a 45% Ag recovery, to produce 36.7 K Oz Ag, 59 Oz Au, 111 tonnes Pb, 164 tonnes Zn. At Rosario, 15.4 K tonnes @ 44 g/t Ag, 0.26 g/t Au, 2.54% Zn, 0.23% Pb (212 g/t AgEq) were processed, with 89% Ag recovery, to produce 19.4 K Oz Ag, 84 Oz Au, 31 tonnes Pb, 344 tonnes Zn.
  • Grupo México is to reopen its San Martin mine in Zacatecas, with an investment of US$77 M. The mine was closed eleven years ago due to a labor dispute with the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Mineros, led by Napoleon Gomez Urrutia. The mine workers have now changed to the Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Exploración, Explotación y Beneficio en Minas de la República Mexicana, ending the closure by strike of the mine. The mine is to have a 32 years life span, creating directly 600 jobs and indirectly 3,000 more.
  • Grupo México reported its second quarter 2018 results. During the period sales increased 19%, while the EBITDA rose to US$1,316 M, and capital investments rose to US$434 M.

ON FINANCING

  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. has been approved to list its common shares on the New York Stock Exchange (Las Chispas, Sonora).
  • Silver Bull Resources Inc. completed the second and final tranche of its previously announced private placement, for aggregate gross proceeds of USD$957.5 K. Under the first tranche of the private placement Silver Bull accrued USD$2.831 M (Sierra Mojada, Coahuila).
  • Avino Silver & Gold Mines Ltd- filed a shelf registration statement on Form F-3 with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), that is to allow the company to raise up to US$25 M (Avino, Durango).
  • Prize Mining Corp. closed the third and final tranche of the recently announced non-brokered private placement, raising $500 K and taking the total aggregate of gross proceeds to $7.62 M (Manto Negro, Coahuila).

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Azure Minerals Ltd. announced that the preliminary economic assessment (PEA) on its Oposura project in Sonora remains on track to be reported in the third quarter of 2018. The study envisions open pit and room and pillar underground extraction. The resource includes 2.1 Mt (tonnes) @5.3% Zn, 2.9% Pb, 17.2 g/t Ag in the indicated category and 0.8 Mt @ 4.3% Zn, 2.5% Pb, 16.5 g/t Ag in the inferred category.
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc. announced new drill results from the Granaditas vein and the new Granaditas Dos vein at its Las Chispas property in Sonora. These veins are approximately 40 m apart and may intersect to the southeast. Highlighted true width (TW) intercepts include 1.2 m @ 5.6 g/t Au, 15 g/t Ag; 1.3 m @ 4.2 g/t Au, 229 g/t Ag; 1.2 m @ 3.10 g/t Au, 4.0 g/t Ag in the Granaditas vein, 0.5 m @ 1.8 g/t Au, 149 g/t Ag; 0.4 m @ 2.4 g/t Au, 421 g/t Ag; 2.9 m @ 294 g/t Ag; 1.2 m @ 1.2 g/t Au, 162 g/t Ag in the Granaditas Dos vein and 0.9 m @ 1.0 g/t Au, 82 g/t Ag; 1.4 m @ 2.5 g/t Au, 799 g/t Ag in an unnamed vein. The high-grade footprint in the Granaditas Vein currently measures approximately 200 m long by 200 m high and is open in most directions. The high-grade footprint in the Granaditas Dos (2) Vein currently measures approximately 100 m long by 100 m high and is open in most directions.
  • Azure Minerals Ltd. recommenced drilling at its Oposura project in Sonora. This campaign is focused on infill drilling and more widely spaced resource extensional drilling.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Alio Gold Inc. announced changes related to the recent focus on its operating mines San Francisco in Sonora and Florida Canyon in Nevada, which include the previously announced temporary suspension of exploration and development at its Ana Paula project in Guerrero, and the here stated termination of the Vice-president of project development Project Manager and the Chief Executive Officer. “The Company has also taken steps to reduce costs at the Ana Paula project site in Mexico while maintaining a level of local employment and community engagement…..the Company has also implemented a number of changes at its corporate office in Vancouver which in total are expected to reduce the corporate overhead by approximately $1.2 million over the next 12 months.“
  • Defiance Silver Corp. renegotiated and extended the terms of its San Acacio Project option agreement. “The project vendor has agreed to postpone a substantial amount of the payments due in 2018 to September 27, 2020. As a result, Defiance will be making four quarterly payments of US$226,900 totaling US$907,600 in year one and four quarterly payments of US$250,000 totaling US$1,000,000 in year two with the final option payment due September 2020.”

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the picture above, the silicified and alunite bearing ridge beyond the farming fields is interpreted as the water table interface in a shallow epithermal system, in Guanajuato. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

Highlights on the Second Week of August, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

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By Jorge Cirett

During the 32nd week of the year (August 6th to August 12th, 2018), at least 16 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico. Sable, Oroco, Millrock and One World Lithium updated on exploration advances. Hecla, Torex, Golden Minerals, Argonaut, Alio and Odyssey Marine Exploration released Q2 2018 reports. HarvestGold closed the final tranche of a financing round. Hecla, Alio and Consolidated Zinc reported advances on the development or exploration of their resource base. Three companies announced deals on projects, or company mergers. ON MEXICO ISSUES, The Mexican Core Shack now counts with displays from three properties in Chihuahua and two in Durango. The newly elected president of Mexico seems to have mining development as one of its 25 key projects. ON EXPLORATION, In Sonora, Millrock reported drill results from its Navidad project. In Chihuahua, Sable Resources released wide, high-grade silver intercepts from its Margarita property. In Sinaloa, Oroco received the title for a concession on the Santo Tomás district. In Baja California, One World Lithium is preparing to drill its Salar del Diablo project.   ON MINING Hecla, Torex gold, Golden Minerals, Alio Gold, Argonaut and Odyssey Mineral Exploration released Q2 2018 reports.  ON FINANCING, Harvest Gold closed the final tranche of its non-brokered private placement, accruing C$857 K in gross proceeds. ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Hecla, Alio Gold and Consolidated Zinc reported on actions and programs to affect their resource estimates or development to mining. ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Golden Reign and Marlin Gold reported on their merger agreement, Megastar closed a deal on three properties in Oaxaca and San Marco optioned the Chunibas project in Oaxaca to Antofagasta.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • The Mexican Core Shack added images of drill core from Hecla’s San Sebastian project in Durango, at https://gambusinoprospector.com/mexican-core-shack/durango/san-sebastian/ . The Mexican Core Shack now displays three properties in Chihuahua and two in Durango.
  • The newly elected president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, presented 25 priority projects for his coming tenure, one of which is mining development, on a meeting with the Colegio de Ingenieros Civiles de México (Civil Engineers Association of Mexico), the Unión Mexicana de Asociaciones de Ingenieros A.C. and the Engineering Faculty of the Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM). Carlos Slim was among the cohort of industry leaders in the luncheon held at the Palacio de Minería (Mining Palace) in Mexico City. No details were exposed.

ON EXPLORATION

  • Sable Resources Ltd. released results from a third drill hole on the Margarita vein of its Margarita property in Chihuahua (near Sunshine’s Los Gatos property). The most recent intercept confirms vein continuity over 500 m of longitude. The vein was intercepted 40 m from surface, returning 12.4 m @ 514 g/t AgEq (with Pb and Zn credits, no details released), including 4.10 m @ 902 g/t AgEq, which includes 1.0 m @ 1,048 g/t AgEq and 1.05 m @ 1,035 g/t AgEq. Other five holes have been finished, with similar vein textures having been intersected across similar widths down to a depth of 100 m from surface.
  • Oroco Resources Corp. announced that the Papago 17 concession in Sinaloa has been granted by the government, and the company is now to register its 77.5% interest (got on a deal with a private owner) in the Mexican Public Registry of Mining. The 213 ha Papago 17 concession lies south from the Santo Tomás porphyry copper project, and contains quartz monzonite dikes and hornfelsed andesite.
  • Millrock Resources Inc. reported second phase drilling results from its Navidad project in Sonora. The program focused on targets identified by soil and rock sampling, geophysical surveys and trenching, as well as the Crossover and El Cobre prospects. In total 2,969 m in 14 holes were drilled. Highlighted core length intercepts include 3.9 m @ 1.78 g/t Au; 12.5 m @ 1.14 g/t Au; 8.0 m @ 0.46 g/t Au; 6.3 m @ 0.39 g/t Au, 3.3 m @ 3.84 g/t Au; 8.7 m @ 0.43 g/t Au, 9.0 m @ 0.39 g/t Au; 5.5 m @ 0.72 g/t Au; 8.5 m @ 0.39 g/t Au; 2.6 m @ 1.73 g/t Au; 6.3 m @ 0.43 g/t Au; 7.9 m @ 2.34 g/t Au; 6.0 m @ 0.45 g/t Au; 17.4 m @ 1.61 g/t Au; 9.2 m @ 0.71 g/t Au.
  • One World Lithium Inc. has accepted the Lithium Partnership’s final report summarizing pre-drilling programs for its Salar del Diablo project in Baja California. Eleven drill hole locations have been selected to test the three geophysical anomalies and two geochemical targets. One World intends to commence drilling on the latter part of October 2018.

ON MINING

  • Hecla Mining Co. reported second quarter 2018 results, including figures from its San Sebastian project in Durango, where 559,647 Oz Ag, 3,872 Oz Au were produced during the period. The mill operated at an average of 415 tpd (tons per day). Cash cost was $9.79 per Ag Oz and AISC $17.15 per Ag Oz, reflecting the higher cost of transitioning from open pit to underground mining. “A reduction in per ounce costs is expected in the second half of the year as underground production continues to ramp up”.
  • Torex Gold Inc. reported its financial results for the second quarter 2018. Mine production at Limon-Guajes totaled 7.15 Mt (tonnes), averaging 78,629 tpd (tonnes per day) of which 1.28 Mt was ore processed at 11,140 tpd. Mined ore averaged 2.45 g/t Au and processed ore 2.86 g/t Au, for the production of 78,796 Oz Au, with 87% Au recovery in the period and cash cost of $680 per Oz Au and AISC of $1,017 per Oz Au. Cash held at the end of the period was $117.9 M.
  • Golden Minerals Co. announced financial results for the second quarter 2018. During the quarter Golden reported final drill results from the Santa Maria project (Chihuahua) 2017-2018 drill program and announced the preparation of an updated technical report and preliminary economic assessment (PEA). In August 2018, Golden entered into a non-binding letter of intent with The Electrum Group LLC upon which Electrum is to purchase Golden’s remaining interest in the Celaya property in Guanajuato for a payment of $3 M. Cash and cash equivalents stood at $2.5 M at the end of the period.
  • Argonaut Gold Inc. released financial results for the second quarter 2018. During the period the company produced 38,441 GEOs (Gold equivalent ounces) at cash cost $704 per Oz Au and AISC of $832 per Oz Au. At El Castillo, in Durango, 2.22 Mt (tonnes) of waste, and 2.15 Mt (tonnes) were moved, with 2.12 Mt ore @ 0.37 g/t Au crushed to the pads to produce 10,079 Oz Au, 8,111 Oz Ag at cash cost $992 per Au Oz. At San Agustin in Durango, 618 Kt of waste, 1.85 Mt of ore were moved, with 1.88 Mt of ore @ 0.36 g/t Au crushed to the pads to produce 15,528 Oz Au, 55,781 Oz Ag. At La Colorada, in Sonora, 1.81 Mt of waste, 1.06 Mt of ore were moved (32 K tpd), with 1.14 Mt of ore @ 0.36 g/t Au crushed to leach pads to produce 11,503 Oz Au, 29,360 Oz Ag at cash cost $833. “The Company expects the third quarter 2018 will see lower production due to the lower grades stacked on the leach pad during the second quarter 2018 and also expects higher costs during the third quarter 2018 associated with drilling, blasting and hauling costs for normal state operations”.” While the Company’s explosives permit has been reinstated at La Colorada, the legal action brought against the Secretary of National Defense and the Municipality of La Colorada continues through the Judiciary court process”.
  • Alio Gold Inc. reported second quarter 2018 results. The San Francisco mine in Sonora produced 14,466 Oz Au, 7,661 Oz Ag at by-product cash cost $950 per Oz Au, while AISC was $1,172 per Oz Au. The Company is reducing stripping and focuses mining on more profitable ounces to maintain cash neutral operations. As a result of the reduced stripping, the ”production guidance of 90,000 to 100,000 ounces of gold for 2018 will not be met.” At Ana Paula in Guerrero, all development work including the construction of the underground decline, the completion of the feasibility study and further exploration have been temporarily suspended as result of the recent decline in the gold price.
  • Odyssey Marine Exploration Inc. reported second quarter 2018 results. “Odyssey holds a controlling interest in Oceanica Resources, S. de R.L., and ExO, a subsidiary of Oceanica. ExO controls exclusive 50-year mining permits in an area in Mexican waters that contains a large amount of phosphate mineralized material”.” On March 21, 2018, the 11-judge panel of the Superior Court of the Federal Court of Administrative Justice in Mexico ruled unanimously in favor of ExO, nullifying the original denial of the environmental permit application.“ (Don Diego, Pacific Ocean cost of Baja California Sur)

ON FINANCING

  • Harvest Gold Corp. closed a fourth and final tranche of its non-brokered private placement to raise CDN$200 K for a total of CDN$857 K gross proceeds. “The Company paid finder’s fees of 8% cash and 8% warrants to Canaccord Genuity Corp. on certain funds”. Harvest delivered $700 K to Evrim Resources Corp. to fund the Cerro Cascaron project (in Chihuahua) drill program of up to 3,000 m, beginning the third week of September.

ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Hecla Mining Co. reported on brownfield exploration on its mining units, including on the San Sebastian project in Durango, where it continues to expand high-grade polymetallic zones on the Middle and Francine veins. Additional oxide mineralization is being defined along the Professor and East Francine veins. On the Francine vein mineralization has been traced for over 360 m on surface, and over 240 at depth, but once incorporated the newly defined East Francine vein the total strike length of continuous mineralization along the Francine Vein exceeds 2,400 m and can be traced to a depth of over 600 m. Proven and probable reserves stand at 398 K tons @ 3.42 g/t Au, 432 g/t Ag, containing 43,000 Oz Au, 5.52 M Oz Ag and Measured and Indicated resources of 1.5 M tons @ 2.25 g/t Au, 186 g/t Ag, 2.9% Pb, 3.8% Zn, 1.7% Cu, containing 103,000 Oz Au, 8.8 M Oz Ag, 15,520 tons Pb, 20,350 tons Zn, 9,020 tons Cu.Hecla-Q2-2018-ExplorationUpdate1 - copia
  • Alio Gold Inc. informed on the update of mineral reserve estimates at its San Francisco mine in Sonora. “Mining depletion of Mineral Reserves was partly offset by expansion of the reserves in Phases 6 through 9 of the San Francisco Pit. Total proven and probable mineral reserves totaled 854,472 ounces of gold (55.5 million tonnes at 0.49 g/t) as of July 1, 2018, an approximate decrease of 74,228 ounces of gold or 8% from April 1, 2017.”
  • Consolidated Zinc Ltd. informed on its plan to start pilot plant production at its Plomosas project in Chihuahua. The mining scoping studies focus on sulfide mineralization of the updated resource, starting with a 20,400 tonnes indicated resource @ 13.8% Zn, 2.4% Pb. The capital cost is expected to be low, including plant refurbishment and tailings dam upgrade.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Golden Reign Resources Ltd. and Marlin Gold Mining Ltd. Entered into a definitive agreement to combine businesses and amend stream agreement with Sailfish Royalty Corp. Golden Reign will acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of Marlin and satisfaction of all closing conditions of the business combination by way of plan of arrangement. As a condition to closing the Transaction, Sailfish has agreed to restructure its existing gold stream on San Albino (La Trinidad, Sinaloa).
  • Megastar Development Corp. closed the transaction to acquire 100% interest on the Rama de Oro, Magdalena and Yautepec projects in Oaxaca. Megastar paid USD$45 K and issued 1.5 M common shares to Minera Zalamera S.A. de C.V., as contemplated in the option agreement. “Furthermore, Mr. David M. Jones, president of Minera Zalamera, has been appointed to the board of directors of Megastar.”
  • San Marco Resources Inc. signed an earn-in agreement with Antofagasta plc on the Chunibas project, located in Sonora. Antofagasta can acquire a 70% interest in the project by spending US$8 M in exploration, and making cash payments on the aggregate of US$200 K over a period of 4 years. A firm commitment of US$700 K will be used primarily for an initial drill program, including $100 K of reimbursement to San Marco of recent exploration expenditures. “The Project consists of stratiform, volcanic hosted coppersilver mineralization, similar to several ore deposits in northern Chile and is a style of mineralisation not previously discovered in Mexico.”

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the picture below, open cut in one of the structures of the Pozos District, Guanajuato. Picture by Jorge Cirett.

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Highlights on the First Week of August, 2018. Mining and Exploration News in Mexico

Marble breccia cemented by FeOx

By Miguel A Heredia

During the 31st week of the year (July 30th to August 05th, 2018), at least 20 press releases were announced by companies working in Mexico, with six informing on exploration results, five announcing production results, five communicating deals and corporate issues, two reporting on resources and developments, and two  announcing financing issues.  ON MEXICO ISSUES, no relevant news.  ON EXPLORATION, In Chihuahua, Silver Spruce received approval to drill its Pino de Plata project, Radius Gold-Pan American Silver announced a JV agreement to explore and drill the Amalia project, and VVC reported drilling results from its Samalayuca property. In Sinaloa, Goldplay reported drilling results from its El Habal project. In Durango, First Mining signed an agreement to option its Las Margaritas gold project to Gainey.  ON MINING, Several companies reported Q2, 2018 results on its Mexican operations. In Sonora, Alamos Gold announced Q2, 2018 results from their Mulatos and Chanate mines. In Sinaloa, McEwen provided Q2, 2018 results from its El Gallo mine. In Durango, Excellon announced Q2, 2018 results from its La Platosa mine. Great Panther reported Q2, 2018 results from their mining operations in Mexico and Peru. In Guerrero, Telson presented Q2, 2018 results from its Campo Morado mine. ON FINANCING, VVC announced a non-brokered private placement for $CA 1.5M. Colibri Resource negotiated an agreement to provide debt financing in an amount up to CAD $400K.  ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, Premier Gold provided an exploration update on its Mercedes mine in Sonora.  Sierra Metals filed a NI 43-101 technical report for its Cusi mine in Chihuahua.  ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES, Goldplay secured eligibility for its shares and appointed its VP Corporate Development and Exploration. SilverCrest announced the resignation of one of its Directors. Equinox Gold announced court approval of the arrangement for the Solaris Copper spinout. VVC announced that its Annual General meeting for shareholders will be held on August 21. Radius Gold and Pan American silver entered in an agreement to explore the Amalia project in Chihuahua.

ON MEXICO ISSUES

  • No relevant news.

ON EXPLORATION

  • Silver Spruce Resources Inc., received approval for drilling its Pino de Plata project in Chihuahua. The company plans to perform a first phase of 1,500m of diamond drilling to test high grade targets identified with surface sampling, with a follow-up phase 2 where results warrant. The first drill target is El Terrero, an area of 2 square km area showing disseminated epithermal mineralization in intrusive rocks, where surface sampling returned up to 557 g/t Ag along with anomalous Au, Cu, Pb and Zn values. Six holes are planned with targeted depths to 100m. A second target is the Teodora Vein, where surface sampling reported up to 553 g/t Ag with anomalous values of Au, Cu, Pb and Zn. Three holes are proposed with planned depths to 100m. The third target is the Santa Elena Gossan, an area of 20 square km where surface rock sampling on carbonate replacement mineralization in limestone/marble and sandstone/hornfels assayed up to 349 g/t Ag with anomalous base metal values. Three to five holes are proposed in this target area with planned depths to 100m.
  • Radius Gold Inc., and Pan American Silver Corp., entered in a JV agreement to explore the Amalia project in Chihuahua. This option agreement is to explore a corridor of 3.5km of strike length and 600m of vertical interval, where 3 high grade targets showing epithermal Ag-Au mineralization in veins, vein breccias, and disseminated have been identified following the trace of a large regional fault zone. The Campamento target is a 500m by 70m zone of intense silicification and brecciation with massive and stockwork veining. A chip channel sampling returned 62m of 0.43 g/t Au and 98 g/t Ag. High grade has been also identified in this target with the most significant result returning 4.5m of 10.3 g/t Au and 202 g/t Ag. Radius and Pan American plan to drill test 100m to 250m below surface. The Guadalupe target is a high grade andesite structurally controlled breccia zone located 450m south along strike from the Campamento target and 250m lower in the geological section. A continuous chip sampling on the Guadalupe target returned 7m of 3.62 g/t Au and 1,048 g/t Ag, and 4m of 3.92 g/t Au and 888 g/t Ag. The Dulces target is a vein located 800m NE of Campamento target at the same elevation and occurs within an extensive argillic-altered andesite and related gold in soil anomaly. Sampling has returned 1m of 34 g/t Au and 13 g/t Ag, and 1.5m of 114.5 g/t Au and 57 g/t Ag.
  • VVC Exploration Corporation, reported drill results from its Samalayuca project in Chihuahua. The phase 3 was planned to drill 3,000m and begun in May 2018 with 8 holes completed to date. Results of the three first holes were 30m of 0.34% Cu and 6 g/t Ag, including 14m of 0.54% Cu and 10 g/t Ag; 7m of 0.39% Cu and 7 g/t Ag; and 25m of 0.43% Cu and 7 g/t Ag. These results extend the copper mineralization at La Gloria zone previously drilled in 2017.
  • Goldplay Explorations Ltd., announced initial results of four drill holes from its El Habal project in Sinaloa. The most significant results are 77.5m of 0.43 g/t Au, including 9.45m of 2.05 g/t Au, and 15.4m of 1.35 g/t Au. The mineralization intersected consisted of a series of mineralized breccias, structures/zone faults present in a 6km long mineralized corridor which represent a high-level gold system hosted by a volcanic sequence with intrusives and related hydrothermal fluids.
  • First Mining Gold Corp., and Gainey Capital Corp., signed an option agreement in which Gainey can acquires 100% of the Las Margaritas Gold project in Durango. Under the terms of the four year option agreement, Gainey can elect to make either annual share or cash payments to First Mining in the following amounts:

 

 

 

 

  1. Upon completion, Gainey will obtain 100% ownership of the Las Margaritas project and First Mining will retain a 2% net smelter returns (“NSR”) royalty, with Gainey having the right to buy back 1% of the NSR royalty for USD$1,000,000 up until the first anniversary of the commencement of commercial production at the project.

ON MINING

  • Alamos Gold Inc., presented Q2 2018 results from their Mulatos and El Chanate mines in Sonora. At Mulatos, the company produced 50.6K Oz Au at an all-in sustaining cost (AISC) per ounce of gold sold of $854. At El Chanate, Alamos produced 10.1K Oz Au at an AISC per ounce of gold sold of $1,442.
  • McEwen Mining Inc., reported Q2 2018 results from its El Gallo Fenix mine in Sinaloa. The compnay produced 10.8K GEOs (Silver and gold production are presented as GEOs). Total cash costs and AISC per GEO were $783 and $816 respectively.
  • Excellon Resources Inc., announced Q2 2018 results from its La Platosa mine in Durango. In Q2, 2018, the company milled 16.1K tonnes of 507 g/t Ag, 5.7% Pb, and 8.4% Zn to produce 277.7K Oz Ag, 1.8M Lb Pb, and 2.8M Lb Zn. Metallurgical recoveries for Ag, Pb, and Zn were 89.6%, 80.2%, and 82.2% respectively.
  • Great Panther Silver Limited, reported results from their mining operations in Mexico and Peru for the Q2, 2018 period. The company did not release detail information from its Mexican operations (Topia mine in Durango and Guanajuato Mine Complex in Guanajuato).
  • Telson Mining Corporation, presented Q2, 2018 results from its Campo Morado mine in Guerrero. The company processed 162.5K tonnes to produce 19.3M Lb Zn, and 1.3M Lb Pb, with metallurgical recoveries of 73.3% and 31.2% respectively.

ON FINANCING

  • VVC Exploration Corporation, announced a non-brokered private placement for $CA 1.5M. VVC has raised to date $CA 1.15M and expects to complete the rest $CA 350K in August.
  • Colibri Resource Corporation, negotiated an agreement with two shareholders to provide debt financing in an amount of up to CAD$400K.

 ON RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • Premier Gold Mines Limited, provided an exploration update on its Mercedes mine in Sonora. The company announced the extension of a high grade vein system on its El Rey de Oro deposit. Significant underground drilling results are 16.55m of 6.21 g/t Au and 102 g/t Ag, 21.95m of 36.65 g/t Au and 171 g/t Ag, 20.5m of 8.1 g/t Au and 121 g/t Ag, and 9.2m of 8.33 g/t Au and 67.7 g/t Ag. Additionally, the company is conducting an underground drilling program to define the high grade Aida target located to the west of the main Mercedes vein where previous drilling has intersected a broad zone of low-grade mineralization with assays of up to 0.64 g/t Au and 0.79 g/t Ag across 31.5 metres. Premier also has the plan to drill test the Marianas vein once the drift has been established in H2 2018, and will go on with the definition and step-out drilling at Diluvio and Lupita areas that were recently brought into production.
  • Sierra Metals Inc., filed a NI 43-101 technical report for its Cusi mine in Chihuahua. The company released results of the PEA study. Results from the PEA include an after-tax net present value (NPV) of US$92.2 Million at an 8% discount rate, an after-tax internal rate of return (IRR) of 75%, a plant processing rate of currently 650 tonnes per day (TPD) growing to 1,200 TPD by Q1 2019 and 2,700 TPD by mid-2021, and a mine life of 9 years based on existing Mineral Resource Estimate.

ON DEALS AND CORPORATE ISSUES

  • Goldplay Exploration Ltd., appointed its VP Corporate Development and Exploration and secured eligibility by the Depositary Trusts Company for its shares on the OTC marketplace where the company trades under the symbol “GLYXF” (El Habal, Sinaloa).
  • SilverCrest Metals Inc., announced the resignation of one of its Directors. (Las Chispas, Sonora).
  • Equinox Gold Corp., announced final court approval of the arrangement for the Solaris Copper spinout (La Verde, Michoacan).
  • VVC Exploration Corporation, announced that its Annual General meeting of shareholders will be held on August 21 (Samalayuca, Chihuahua).
  • Radius Gold Inc., and Pan American Silver Corp., entered in a JV agreement to explore the Amalia project in Chihuahua. Pan American can earn an initial 65% of the property by making cash payments to Radius totaling $US 1.5M (of which $US 100K has been already paid), and expending $US 2M on exploration over four years, and can acquires an additional 10% by advancing the property to a FS.

Content like what you have just read can be seen at https://gambusinoprospector.com/ and at LinkedIn’s Mexico Mineral Exploration Group.

On the picture above, a marble breccia cemented by FeOx in an Iron Mine in Coahuila, Mexico. Photo by Miguel A Heredia.